Tag Archives: chains gearbox

China Professional Tsubaki Chain Short-Pitch 20A-2 Precision Industrial Martin Gearbox Transmission Roller Chains

Product Description

Basic Info

ANSI NO:  

 

100-2R

DIN/ISO NO:  

 

20A-2

Pitch (mm):

31.75

Roller Diameter(mm):

 

19.05

Pin Diameter(mm):

 

9.53

Plate Thickness (mm):

 

4.00

Inner Plate Width (mm):

 

18.90

Average Tensile Strength:

 

215.2KN

Chain Size:

 

5FT, 10FT, 5Meters

Weight / Meter (kgs/m):

 

3.91

Origin:

HangZhou China

HS Code:

7315119000

 

 

SMCC roller chain is 1 of the most widely used and welcome products in the market. Its continuous innovative development is suitable to be the solutions for many conditions, standard roller chains, motorcycle driving chain, O-ring motorcycle chain, high strength roller chain, conveyor chains, agricultural driving chain, galvanized chain, nickel-plated chain, lubrication-free chain and oilfield chain etc
Our CHINAMFG chain was produced by machinery processing from raw materials to finished products and a full set of quality testing equipment. Mechanical processing equipment include grinding machines, high speed punching machines, milling machines, high speed automatic rolling and assembling machine. Heat treatment was processed by continuous mesh belt conveyor furnace, mesh belt conveyor annealing furnace, advanced central control system of heat treatment, rotary CHINAMFG for chain component heat treatment, which ensure the stability and consistency of the key function of chain components.
We are the best suppliers of Chinese largest palletizing robot enterprises. These items are durable quality with affordable prices, replace of Japan chains, ZheJiang chains exported to Europe, America, Asia and other countries and regions.
Workshop Show

 

 

 
 
   

ROLLER CHAIN

Roller chain or bush roller chain is the type of chain drive most commonly used for transmission of mechanical power on many kinds of domestic, industrial and agricultural machinery, including conveyors, wire- and tube-drawing machines, printing presses, cars, motorcycles, and bicycles. It consists of a series of short cylindrical rollers held together by side links. It is driven by a toothed wheel called a sprocket. It is a simple, reliable, and efficient means of power transmission.

CONSTRUCTION OF THE CHAIN

Two different sizes of roller chain, showing construction.
There are 2 types of links alternating in the bush roller chain. The first type is inner links, having 2 inner plates held together by 2 sleeves or bushings CHINAMFG which rotate 2 rollers. Inner links alternate with the second type, the outer links, consisting of 2 outer plates held together by pins passing through the bushings of the inner links. The “bushingless” roller chain is similar in operation though not in construction; instead of separate bushings or sleeves holding the inner plates together, the plate has a tube stamped into it protruding from the hole which serves the same purpose. This has the advantage of removing 1 step in assembly of the chain.

The roller chain design reduces friction compared to simpler designs, resulting in higher efficiency and less wear. The original power transmission chain varieties lacked rollers and bushings, with both the inner and outer plates held by pins which directly contacted the sprocket teeth; however this configuration exhibited extremely rapid wear of both the sprocket teeth, and the plates where they pivoted on the pins. This problem was partially solved by the development of bushed chains, with the pins holding the outer plates passing through bushings or sleeves connecting the inner plates. This distributed the wear over a greater area; however the teeth of the sprockets still wore more rapidly than is desirable, from the sliding friction against the bushings. The addition of rollers surrounding the bushing sleeves of the chain and provided rolling contact with the teeth of the sprockets resulting in excellent resistance to wear of both sprockets and chain as well. There is even very low friction, as long as the chain is sufficiently lubricated. Continuous, clean, lubrication of roller chains is of primary importance for efficient operation as well as correct tensioning.

LUBRICATION

Many driving chains (for example, in factory equipment, or driving a camshaft inside an internal combustion engine) operate in clean environments, and thus the wearing surfaces (that is, the pins and bushings) are safe from precipitation and airborne grit, many even in a sealed environment such as an oil bath. Some roller chains are designed to have o-rings built into the space between the outside link plate and the inside roller link plates. Chain manufacturers began to include this feature in 1971 after the application was invented by Joseph Montano while working for Whitney Chain of Hartford, Connecticut. O-rings were included as a way to improve lubrication to the links of power transmission chains, a service that is vitally important to extending their working life. These rubber fixtures form a barrier that holds factory applied lubricating grease inside the pin and bushing wear areas. Further, the rubber o-rings prevent dirt and other contaminants from entering inside the chain linkages, where such particles would otherwise cause significant wear.[citation needed]

There are also many chains that have to operate in dirty conditions, and for size or operational reasons cannot be sealed. Examples include chains on farm equipment, bicycles, and chain saws. These chains will necessarily have relatively high rates of wear, particularly when the operators are prepared to accept more friction, less efficiency, more noise and more frequent replacement as they neglect lubrication and adjustment.

Many oil-based lubricants attract dirt and other particles, eventually forming an CHINAMFG paste that will compound wear on chains. This problem can be circumvented by use of a “dry” PTFE spray, which forms a solid film after application and repels both particles and moisture.

VARIANTS DESIGN

Layout of a roller chain: 1. Outer plate, 2. Inner plate, 3. Pin, 4. Bushing, 5. Roller
If the chain is not being used for a high wear application (for instance if it is just transmitting motion from a hand-operated lever to a control shaft on a machine, or a sliding door on an oven), then 1 of the simpler types of chain may still be used. Conversely, where extra strength but the smooth drive of a smaller pitch is required, the chain may be “siamesed”; instead of just 2 rows of plates on the outer sides of the chain, there may be 3 (“duplex”), 4 (“triplex”), or more rows of plates running parallel, with bushings and rollers between each adjacent pair, and the same number of rows of teeth running in parallel on the sprockets to match. Timing chains on automotive engines, for example, typically have multiple rows of plates called strands.

Roller chain is made in several sizes, the most common American National Standards Institute (ANSI) standards being 40, 50, 60, and 80. The first digit(s) indicate the pitch of the chain in eighths of an inch, with the last digit being 0 for standard chain, 1 for lightweight chain, and 5 for bushed chain with no rollers. Thus, a chain with half-inch pitch would be a #40 while a #160 sprocket would have teeth spaced 2 inches apart, etc. Metric pitches are expressed in sixteenths of an inch; thus a metric #8 chain (08B-1) would be equivalent to an ANSI #40. Most roller chain is made from plain carbon or alloy steel, but stainless steel is used in food processing machinery or other places where lubrication is a problem, and nylon or brass are occasionally seen for the same reason.

Roller chain is ordinarily hooked up using a master link (also known as a connecting link), which typically has 1 pin held by a horseshoe clip rather than friction fit, allowing it to be inserted or removed with simple tools. Chain with a removable link or pin is also known as cottered chain, which allows the length of the chain to be adjusted. Half links (also known as offsets) are available and are used to increase the length of the chain by a single roller. Riveted roller chain has the master link (also known as a connecting link) “riveted” or mashed on the ends. These pins are made to be durable and are not removable.

USE

An example of 2 ‘ghost’ sprockets tensioning a triplex roller chain system
Roller chains are used in low- to mid-speed drives at around 600 to 800 feet per minute; however, at higher speeds, around 2,000 to 3,000 feet per minute, V-belts are normally used due to wear and noise issues.
A bicycle chain is a form of roller chain. Bicycle chains may have a master link, or may require a chain tool for removal and installation. A similar but larger and thus stronger chain is used on most motorcycles although it is sometimes replaced by either a toothed belt or a shaft drive, which offer lower noise level and fewer maintenance requirements.
The great majority of automobile engines use roller chains to drive the camshaft(s). Very high performance engines often use gear drive, and starting in the early 1960s toothed belts were used by some manufacturers.
Chains are also used in forklifts using hydraulic rams as a pulley to raise and lower the carriage; however, these chains are not considered roller chains, but are classified as lift or leaf chains.
Chainsaw cutting chains superficially resemble roller chains but are more closely related to leaf chains. They are driven by projecting drive links which also serve to locate the chain CHINAMFG the bar.

Sea Harrier FA.2 ZA195 front (cold) vector thrust nozzle – the nozzle is rotated by a chain drive from an air motor
A perhaps unusual use of a pair of motorcycle chains is in the Harrier Jump Jet, where a chain drive from an air motor is used to rotate the movable engine nozzles, allowing them to be pointed downwards for hovering flight, or to the rear for normal CHINAMFG flight, a system known as Thrust vectoring.

WEAR

 

The effect of wear on a roller chain is to increase the pitch (spacing of the links), causing the chain to grow longer. Note that this is due to wear at the pivoting pins and bushes, not from actual stretching of the metal (as does happen to some flexible steel components such as the hand-brake cable of a motor vehicle).

With modern chains it is unusual for a chain (other than that of a bicycle) to wear until it breaks, since a worn chain leads to the rapid onset of wear on the teeth of the sprockets, with ultimate failure being the loss of all the teeth on the sprocket. The sprockets (in particular the smaller of the two) suffer a grinding motion that puts a characteristic hook shape into the driven face of the teeth. (This effect is made worse by a chain improperly tensioned, but is unavoidable no matter what care is taken). The worn teeth (and chain) no longer provides smooth transmission of power and this may become evident from the noise, the vibration or (in car engines using a timing chain) the variation in ignition timing seen with a timing light. Both sprockets and chain should be replaced in these cases, since a new chain on worn sprockets will not last long. However, in less severe cases it may be possible to save the larger of the 2 sprockets, since it is always the smaller 1 that suffers the most wear. Only in very light-weight applications such as a bicycle, or in extreme cases of improper tension, will the chain normally jump off the sprockets.

The lengthening due to wear of a chain is calculated by the following formula:

M = the length of a number of links measured

S = the number of links measured

P = Pitch

In industry, it is usual to monitor the movement of the chain tensioner (whether manual or automatic) or the exact length of a drive chain (one rule of thumb is to replace a roller chain which has elongated 3% on an adjustable drive or 1.5% on a fixed-center drive). A simpler method, particularly suitable for the cycle or motorcycle user, is to attempt to pull the chain away from the larger of the 2 sprockets, whilst ensuring the chain is taut. Any significant movement (e.g. making it possible to see through a gap) probably indicates a chain worn up to and beyond the limit. Sprocket damage will result if the problem is ignored. Sprocket wear cancels this effect, and may mask chain wear.

CHAIN STRENGTH

The most common measure of roller chain’s strength is tensile strength. Tensile strength represents how much load a chain can withstand under a one-time load before breaking. Just as important as tensile strength is a chain’s fatigue strength. The critical factors in a chain’s fatigue strength is the quality of steel used to manufacture the chain, the heat treatment of the chain components, the quality of the pitch hole fabrication of the linkplates, and the type of shot plus the intensity of shot peen coverage on the linkplates. Other factors can include the thickness of the linkplates and the design (contour) of the linkplates. The rule of thumb for roller chain operating on a continuous drive is for the chain load to not exceed a mere 1/6 or 1/9 of the chain’s tensile strength, depending on the type of master links used (press-fit vs. slip-fit)[citation needed]. Roller chains operating on a continuous drive beyond these thresholds can and typically do fail prematurely via linkplate fatigue failure.

The standard minimum ultimate strength of the ANSI 29.1 steel chain is 12,500 x (pitch, in inches)2. X-ring and O-Ring chains greatly decrease wear by means of internal lubricants, increasing chain life. The internal lubrication is inserted by means of a vacuum when riveting the chain together.

CHAIN STHangZhouRDS

Standards organizations (such as ANSI and ISO) maintain standards for design, dimensions, and interchangeability of transmission chains. For example, the following Table shows data from ANSI standard B29.1-2011 (Precision Power Transmission Roller Chains, Attachments, and Sprockets) developed by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). See the references[8][9][10] for additional information.

ASME/ANSI B29.1-2011 Roller Chain Standard SizesSizePitchMaximum Roller DiameterMinimum Ultimate Tensile StrengthMeasuring Load25

ASME/ANSI B29.1-2011 Roller Chain Standard Sizes
Size Pitch Maximum Roller Diameter Minimum Ultimate Tensile Strength Measuring Load
25 0.250 in (6.35 mm) 0.130 in (3.30 mm) 780 lb (350 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
35 0.375 in (9.53 mm) 0.200 in (5.08 mm) 1,760 lb (800 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
41 0.500 in (12.70 mm) 0.306 in (7.77 mm) 1,500 lb (680 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
40 0.500 in (12.70 mm) 0.312 in (7.92 mm) 3,125 lb (1,417 kg) 31 lb (14 kg)
50 0.625 in (15.88 mm) 0.400 in (10.16 mm) 4,880 lb (2,210 kg) 49 lb (22 kg)
60 0.750 in (19.05 mm) 0.469 in (11.91 mm) 7,030 lb (3,190 kg) 70 lb (32 kg)
80 1.000 in (25.40 mm) 0.625 in (15.88 mm) 12,500 lb (5,700 kg) 125 lb (57 kg)
100 1.250 in (31.75 mm) 0.750 in (19.05 mm) 19,531 lb (8,859 kg) 195 lb (88 kg)
120 1.500 in (38.10 mm) 0.875 in (22.23 mm) 28,125 lb (12,757 kg) 281 lb (127 kg)
140 1.750 in (44.45 mm) 1.000 in (25.40 mm) 38,280 lb (17,360 kg) 383 lb (174 kg)
160 2.000 in (50.80 mm) 1.125 in (28.58 mm) 50,000 lb (23,000 kg) 500 lb (230 kg)
180 2.250 in (57.15 mm) 1.460 in (37.08 mm) 63,280 lb (28,700 kg) 633 lb (287 kg)
200 2.500 in (63.50 mm) 1.562 in (39.67 mm) 78,175 lb (35,460 kg) 781 lb (354 kg)
240 3.000 in (76.20 mm) 1.875 in (47.63 mm) 112,500 lb (51,000 kg) 1,000 lb (450 kg

For mnemonic purposes, below is another presentation of key dimensions from the same standard, expressed in fractions of an inch (which was part of the thinking behind the choice of preferred numbers in the ANSI standard):

Pitch (inches) Pitch expressed
in eighths
ANSI standard
chain number
Width (inches)
14 28 25 18
38 38 35 316
12 48 41 14
12 48 40 516
58 58 50 38
34 68 60 12
1 88 80 58

Notes:
1. The pitch is the distance between roller centers. The width is the distance between the link plates (i.e. slightly more than the roller width to allow for clearance).
2. The right-hand digit of the standard denotes 0 = normal chain, 1 = lightweight chain, 5 = rollerless bushing chain.
3. The left-hand digit denotes the number of eighths of an inch that make up the pitch.
4. An “H” following the standard number denotes heavyweight chain. A hyphenated number following the standard number denotes double-strand (2), triple-strand (3), and so on. Thus 60H-3 denotes number 60 heavyweight triple-strand chain.
 A typical bicycle chain (for derailleur gears) uses narrow 1⁄2-inch-pitch chain. The width of the chain is variable, and does not affect the load capacity. The more sprockets at the rear wheel (historically 3-6, nowadays 7-12 sprockets), the narrower the chain. Chains are sold according to the number of speeds they are designed to work with, for example, “10 speed chain”. Hub gear or single speed bicycles use 1/2″ x 1/8″ chains, where 1/8″ refers to the maximum thickness of a sprocket that can be used with the chain.

Typically chains with parallel shaped links have an even number of links, with each narrow link followed by a broad one. Chains built up with a uniform type of link, narrow at 1 and broad at the other end, can be made with an odd number of links, which can be an advantage to adapt to a special chainwheel-distance; on the other side such a chain tends to be not so strong.

Roller chains made using ISO standard are sometimes called as isochains.

 

WHY CHOOSE US 

1. Reliable Quality Assurance System
2. Cutting-Edge Computer-Controlled CNC Machines
3. Bespoke Solutions from Highly Experienced Specialists
4. Customization and OEM Available for Specific Application
5. Extensive Inventory of Spare Parts and Accessories
6. Well-Developed CHINAMFG Marketing Network
7. Efficient After-Sale Service System

 

The 219 sets of advanced automatic production equipment provide guarantees for high product quality. The 167 engineers and technicians with senior professional titles can design and develop products to meet the exact demands of customers, and OEM customizations are also available with us. Our sound global service network can provide customers with timely after-sales technical services.

We are not just a manufacturer and supplier, but also an industry consultant. We work pro-actively with you to offer expert advice and product recommendations in order to end up with a most cost effective product available for your specific application. The clients we serve CHINAMFG range from end users to distributors and OEMs. Our OEM replacements can be substituted wherever necessary and suitable for both repair and new assemblies.

 

/* January 22, 2571 19:08:37 */!function(){function s(e,r){var a,o={};try{e&&e.split(“,”).forEach(function(e,t){e&&(a=e.match(/(.*?):(.*)$/))&&1

Production Scope: Parts Production Line
Condition: New
Automation: Automation
Samples:
US$ 30/Meter
1 Meter(Min.Order)

|

Order Sample

Customization:
Available

|

Customized Request

.shipping-cost-tm .tm-status-off{background: none;padding:0;color: #1470cc}

Shipping Cost:

Estimated freight per unit.







about shipping cost and estimated delivery time.
Payment Method:







 

Initial Payment



Full Payment
Currency: US$
Return&refunds: You can apply for a refund up to 30 days after receipt of the products.

roller chain

How do roller chains handle high torque loads?

Roller chains are designed to handle high torque loads effectively. Here’s a detailed answer to the question:

1. Robust Construction: Roller chains are constructed using high-quality materials and precise manufacturing techniques to ensure strength and durability. They are designed to withstand the forces generated by high torque loads without deformation or failure.

2. Load Distribution: Roller chains distribute the high torque load evenly across their links and pins. This even distribution helps prevent concentrated stress points and ensures that each link carries a portion of the load, reducing the risk of chain failure.

3. Fatigue Resistance: Roller chains are designed to resist fatigue caused by repeated stress cycles. They have sufficient strength and resilience to endure the high torque loads encountered during operation without experiencing premature wear or failure.

4. Proper Lubrication: Adequate lubrication is crucial for the smooth operation and longevity of roller chains under high torque loads. Lubrication reduces friction, minimizes wear, and helps dissipate heat generated by the increased forces. Proper lubrication ensures that the chain operates efficiently and extends its lifespan.

5. Tensile Strength: Roller chains are engineered to have high tensile strength, which allows them to withstand the tension created by high torque loads. The tensile strength of the chain ensures that it can handle the pulling force exerted by the rotating sprockets without elongation or failure.

6. Sprocket Selection: The choice of sprockets also plays a significant role in handling high torque loads. Sprockets should be matched appropriately with the roller chain to ensure proper engagement and efficient power transmission. Selecting sprockets with the appropriate tooth profile, material, and design helps optimize the performance and longevity of the chain under high torque conditions.

Roller chains have been extensively used in applications that require the transmission of high torque, such as heavy machinery, industrial equipment, and automotive systems. Their robust construction, load distribution capabilities, fatigue resistance, proper lubrication, high tensile strength, and compatibility with well-designed sprockets make them reliable and efficient in handling high torque loads.

roller chain

How do roller chains handle angular misalignment between sprockets?

Roller chains are designed to accommodate a certain degree of angular misalignment between sprockets. Here’s a detailed answer to the question:

1. Flexibility: Roller chains have inherent flexibility, allowing them to adapt to slight misalignments between sprockets. The chain links can articulate and adjust their position to compensate for the angular misalignment. This flexibility helps to reduce stress on the chain and the sprockets.

2. Chain Articulation: The individual chain links in a roller chain are connected by pins, allowing them to rotate and articulate as the chain engages with the sprockets. This articulation enables the chain to follow the angular movement of the sprockets and maintain proper engagement. It helps to distribute the load evenly across the chain and minimize concentrated stresses on individual chain links.

3. Tolerance for Misalignment: Roller chains have a certain tolerance for angular misalignment between the sprockets. The exact amount of misalignment that a chain can handle depends on factors such as chain size, pitch, and design. However, it’s important to note that excessive misalignment can lead to accelerated wear, increased noise, and reduced chain life.

4. Proper Alignment: While roller chains can tolerate some degree of angular misalignment, it’s still essential to aim for proper sprocket alignment whenever possible. Proper alignment helps to optimize chain performance, minimize wear, and extend the lifespan of the chain and sprockets. Aligning the sprockets correctly ensures that the chain engages smoothly and uniformly with the sprocket teeth, reducing the risk of premature wear or failure.

5. Regular Inspection and Maintenance: To ensure optimal performance and longevity, it’s important to regularly inspect the roller chain system for any signs of misalignment or excessive wear. Routine maintenance, such as lubrication and tension adjustment, helps to mitigate the effects of misalignment and promotes smooth operation.

While roller chains can handle a certain degree of angular misalignment, it’s always recommended to minimize misalignment and strive for proper sprocket alignment to ensure optimal performance, efficiency, and longevity of the chain and sprocket system.

roller chain

Are roller chains suitable for outdoor applications?

Roller chains can be suitable for outdoor applications, depending on various factors. Here is a detailed answer to the question:

1. Environmental conditions: Roller chains are designed to withstand a wide range of environmental conditions. However, exposure to extreme weather elements such as excessive moisture, corrosive substances, or high temperatures can affect their performance and durability. In such cases, additional measures like using corrosion-resistant chains, proper lubrication, or protective coatings may be necessary.

2. Protection from contaminants: Outdoor environments may have a higher presence of dirt, dust, debris, and other contaminants that can accelerate wear and affect the chain’s operation. Regular cleaning and maintenance are essential to remove these contaminants and ensure the chain’s optimal performance.

3. Lubrication: Adequate lubrication is crucial for the smooth operation and longevity of roller chains, especially in outdoor applications where exposure to moisture and dust is common. Lubricants with appropriate viscosity and properties that resist washout and provide good adhesion should be used to maintain proper lubrication in outdoor conditions.

4. Sealing and protection: In certain outdoor applications where the chain is exposed to excessive moisture, dirt, or contaminants, it may be necessary to use chains with additional sealing mechanisms or protective covers. These help prevent the ingress of foreign particles and enhance the chain’s performance and lifespan.

5. Maintenance practices: Regular inspection, cleaning, and lubrication are essential maintenance practices for roller chains used in outdoor applications. Operators should follow the manufacturer’s guidelines and recommended maintenance intervals to ensure the chain remains in good working condition.

While roller chains can be used in outdoor applications, it is important to consider the specific environmental conditions and take appropriate measures to protect and maintain the chain for optimal performance and longevity.

China Professional Tsubaki Chain Short-Pitch 20A-2 Precision Industrial Martin Gearbox Transmission Roller Chains  China Professional Tsubaki Chain Short-Pitch 20A-2 Precision Industrial Martin Gearbox Transmission Roller Chains
editor by CX 2024-04-30

China factory Gearbox Transmission Belt Parts Attachment Products 15 a Series Short Pitch Precision Simplex Roller Chains and Bush Chains for Agriculture

Product Description

A Series Short pitch Precision Simplex Roller Chains & Bush Chains

ISO/ANSI/ DIN
Chain No.
China
Chain No.
Pitch
P
mm
Roller diameter

d1max
mm

Width between inner plates
b1min
mm
Pin diameter

d2max
mm

Pin length Inner plate depth
h2max
mm
 Plate  thickness

Tmax
 mm

Tensile strength

Qmin
kN/lbf

Average tensile strength
Q0
kN
Weight per meter
q  
 kg/m
Lmax
mm
Lcmax
mm
15 *03C 4.7625 2.48 2.38 1.62 6.10 6.90 4.30 0.60 1.80/409 2.0 0.08

*Bush chain:d1 in the table indicates the external diameter of the bush

ROLLER CHAIN

Roller chain or bush roller chain is the type of chain drive most commonly used for transmission of mechanical power on many kinds of domestic, industrial and agricultural machinery, including conveyors, wire- and tube-drawing machines, printing presses, cars, motorcycles, and bicycles. It consists of a series of short cylindrical rollers held together by side links. It is driven by a toothed wheel called a sprocket. It is a simple, reliable, and efficient means of power transmission.

CONSTRUCTION OF THE CHAIN

Two different sizes of roller chain, showing construction.
There are 2 types of links alternating in the bush roller chain. The first type is inner links, having 2 inner plates held together by 2 sleeves or bushings CHINAMFG which rotate 2 rollers. Inner links alternate with the second type, the outer links, consisting of 2 outer plates held together by pins passing through the bushings of the inner links. The “bushingless” roller chain is similar in operation though not in construction; instead of separate bushings or sleeves holding the inner plates together, the plate has a tube stamped into it protruding from the hole which serves the same purpose. This has the advantage of removing 1 step in assembly of the chain.

The roller chain design reduces friction compared to simpler designs, resulting in higher efficiency and less wear. The original power transmission chain varieties lacked rollers and bushings, with both the inner and outer plates held by pins which directly contacted the sprocket teeth; however this configuration exhibited extremely rapid wear of both the sprocket teeth, and the plates where they pivoted on the pins. This problem was partially solved by the development of bushed chains, with the pins holding the outer plates passing through bushings or sleeves connecting the inner plates. This distributed the wear over a greater area; however the teeth of the sprockets still wore more rapidly than is desirable, from the sliding friction against the bushings. The addition of rollers surrounding the bushing sleeves of the chain and provided rolling contact with the teeth of the sprockets resulting in excellent resistance to wear of both sprockets and chain as well. There is even very low friction, as long as the chain is sufficiently lubricated. Continuous, clean, lubrication of roller chains is of primary importance for efficient operation as well as correct tensioning.

LUBRICATION

Many driving chains (for example, in factory equipment, or driving a camshaft inside an internal combustion engine) operate in clean environments, and thus the wearing surfaces (that is, the pins and bushings) are safe from precipitation and airborne grit, many even in a sealed environment such as an oil bath. Some roller chains are designed to have o-rings built into the space between the outside link plate and the inside roller link plates. Chain manufacturers began to include this feature in 1971 after the application was invented by Joseph Montano while working for Whitney Chain of Hartford, Connecticut. O-rings were included as a way to improve lubrication to the links of power transmission chains, a service that is vitally important to extending their working life. These rubber fixtures form a barrier that holds factory applied lubricating grease inside the pin and bushing wear areas. Further, the rubber o-rings prevent dirt and other contaminants from entering inside the chain linkages, where such particles would otherwise cause significant wear.[citation needed]

There are also many chains that have to operate in dirty conditions, and for size or operational reasons cannot be sealed. Examples include chains on farm equipment, bicycles, and chain saws. These chains will necessarily have relatively high rates of wear, particularly when the operators are prepared to accept more friction, less efficiency, more noise and more frequent replacement as they neglect lubrication and adjustment.

Many oil-based lubricants attract dirt and other particles, eventually forming an CHINAMFG paste that will compound wear on chains. This problem can be circumvented by use of a “dry” PTFE spray, which forms a solid film after application and repels both particles and moisture.

VARIANTS DESIGN

Layout of a roller chain: 1. Outer plate, 2. Inner plate, 3. Pin, 4. Bushing, 5. Roller
If the chain is not being used for a high wear application (for instance if it is just transmitting motion from a hand-operated lever to a control shaft on a machine, or a sliding door on an oven), then 1 of the simpler types of chain may still be used. Conversely, where extra strength but the smooth drive of a smaller pitch is required, the chain may be “siamesed”; instead of just 2 rows of plates on the outer sides of the chain, there may be 3 (“duplex”), 4 (“triplex”), or more rows of plates running parallel, with bushings and rollers between each adjacent pair, and the same number of rows of teeth running in parallel on the sprockets to match. Timing chains on automotive engines, for example, typically have multiple rows of plates called strands.

Roller chain is made in several sizes, the most common American National Standards Institute (ANSI) standards being 40, 50, 60, and 80. The first digit(s) indicate the pitch of the chain in eighths of an inch, with the last digit being 0 for standard chain, 1 for lightweight chain, and 5 for bushed chain with no rollers. Thus, a chain with half-inch pitch would be a #40 while a #160 sprocket would have teeth spaced 2 inches apart, etc. Metric pitches are expressed in sixteenths of an inch; thus a metric #8 chain (08B-1) would be equivalent to an ANSI #40. Most roller chain is made from plain carbon or alloy steel, but stainless steel is used in food processing machinery or other places where lubrication is a problem, and nylon or brass are occasionally seen for the same reason.

Roller chain is ordinarily hooked up using a master link (also known as a connecting link), which typically has 1 pin held by a horseshoe clip rather than friction fit, allowing it to be inserted or removed with simple tools. Chain with a removable link or pin is also known as cottered chain, which allows the length of the chain to be adjusted. Half links (also known as offsets) are available and are used to increase the length of the chain by a single roller. Riveted roller chain has the master link (also known as a connecting link) “riveted” or mashed on the ends. These pins are made to be durable and are not removable.

USE

An example of 2 ‘ghost’ sprockets tensioning a triplex roller chain system
Roller chains are used in low- to mid-speed drives at around 600 to 800 feet per minute; however, at higher speeds, around 2,000 to 3,000 feet per minute, V-belts are normally used due to wear and noise issues.
A bicycle chain is a form of roller chain. Bicycle chains may have a master link, or may require a chain tool for removal and installation. A similar but larger and thus stronger chain is used on most motorcycles although it is sometimes replaced by either a toothed belt or a shaft drive, which offer lower noise level and fewer maintenance requirements.
The great majority of automobile engines use roller chains to drive the camshaft(s). Very high performance engines often use gear drive, and starting in the early 1960s toothed belts were used by some manufacturers.
Chains are also used in forklifts using hydraulic rams as a pulley to raise and lower the carriage; however, these chains are not considered roller chains, but are classified as lift or leaf chains.
Chainsaw cutting chains superficially resemble roller chains but are more closely related to leaf chains. They are driven by projecting drive links which also serve to locate the chain CHINAMFG the bar.

Sea Harrier FA.2 ZA195 front (cold) vector thrust nozzle – the nozzle is rotated by a chain drive from an air motor
A perhaps unusual use of a pair of motorcycle chains is in the Harrier Jump Jet, where a chain drive from an air motor is used to rotate the movable engine nozzles, allowing them to be pointed downwards for hovering flight, or to the rear for normal CHINAMFG flight, a system known as Thrust vectoring.

WEAR

 

The effect of wear on a roller chain is to increase the pitch (spacing of the links), causing the chain to grow longer. Note that this is due to wear at the pivoting pins and bushes, not from actual stretching of the metal (as does happen to some flexible steel components such as the hand-brake cable of a motor vehicle).

With modern chains it is unusual for a chain (other than that of a bicycle) to wear until it breaks, since a worn chain leads to the rapid onset of wear on the teeth of the sprockets, with ultimate failure being the loss of all the teeth on the sprocket. The sprockets (in particular the smaller of the two) suffer a grinding motion that puts a characteristic hook shape into the driven face of the teeth. (This effect is made worse by a chain improperly tensioned, but is unavoidable no matter what care is taken). The worn teeth (and chain) no longer provides smooth transmission of power and this may become evident from the noise, the vibration or (in car engines using a timing chain) the variation in ignition timing seen with a timing light. Both sprockets and chain should be replaced in these cases, since a new chain on worn sprockets will not last long. However, in less severe cases it may be possible to save the larger of the 2 sprockets, since it is always the smaller 1 that suffers the most wear. Only in very light-weight applications such as a bicycle, or in extreme cases of improper tension, will the chain normally jump off the sprockets.

The lengthening due to wear of a chain is calculated by the following formula:

M = the length of a number of links measured

S = the number of links measured

P = Pitch

In industry, it is usual to monitor the movement of the chain tensioner (whether manual or automatic) or the exact length of a drive chain (one rule of thumb is to replace a roller chain which has elongated 3% on an adjustable drive or 1.5% on a fixed-center drive). A simpler method, particularly suitable for the cycle or motorcycle user, is to attempt to pull the chain away from the larger of the 2 sprockets, whilst ensuring the chain is taut. Any significant movement (e.g. making it possible to see through a gap) probably indicates a chain worn up to and beyond the limit. Sprocket damage will result if the problem is ignored. Sprocket wear cancels this effect, and may mask chain wear.

CHAIN STRENGTH

The most common measure of roller chain’s strength is tensile strength. Tensile strength represents how much load a chain can withstand under a one-time load before breaking. Just as important as tensile strength is a chain’s fatigue strength. The critical factors in a chain’s fatigue strength is the quality of steel used to manufacture the chain, the heat treatment of the chain components, the quality of the pitch hole fabrication of the linkplates, and the type of shot plus the intensity of shot peen coverage on the linkplates. Other factors can include the thickness of the linkplates and the design (contour) of the linkplates. The rule of thumb for roller chain operating on a continuous drive is for the chain load to not exceed a mere 1/6 or 1/9 of the chain’s tensile strength, depending on the type of master links used (press-fit vs. slip-fit)[citation needed]. Roller chains operating on a continuous drive beyond these thresholds can and typically do fail prematurely via linkplate fatigue failure.

The standard minimum ultimate strength of the ANSI 29.1 steel chain is 12,500 x (pitch, in inches)2. X-ring and O-Ring chains greatly decrease wear by means of internal lubricants, increasing chain life. The internal lubrication is inserted by means of a vacuum when riveting the chain together.

CHAIN STHangZhouRDS

Standards organizations (such as ANSI and ISO) maintain standards for design, dimensions, and interchangeability of transmission chains. For example, the following Table shows data from ANSI standard B29.1-2011 (Precision Power Transmission Roller Chains, Attachments, and Sprockets) developed by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). See the references[8][9][10] for additional information.

ASME/ANSI B29.1-2011 Roller Chain Standard SizesSizePitchMaximum Roller DiameterMinimum Ultimate Tensile StrengthMeasuring Load25

ASME/ANSI B29.1-2011 Roller Chain Standard Sizes
Size Pitch Maximum Roller Diameter Minimum Ultimate Tensile Strength Measuring Load
25 0.250 in (6.35 mm) 0.130 in (3.30 mm) 780 lb (350 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
35 0.375 in (9.53 mm) 0.200 in (5.08 mm) 1,760 lb (800 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
41 0.500 in (12.70 mm) 0.306 in (7.77 mm) 1,500 lb (680 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
40 0.500 in (12.70 mm) 0.312 in (7.92 mm) 3,125 lb (1,417 kg) 31 lb (14 kg)
50 0.625 in (15.88 mm) 0.400 in (10.16 mm) 4,880 lb (2,210 kg) 49 lb (22 kg)
60 0.750 in (19.05 mm) 0.469 in (11.91 mm) 7,030 lb (3,190 kg) 70 lb (32 kg)
80 1.000 in (25.40 mm) 0.625 in (15.88 mm) 12,500 lb (5,700 kg) 125 lb (57 kg)
100 1.250 in (31.75 mm) 0.750 in (19.05 mm) 19,531 lb (8,859 kg) 195 lb (88 kg)
120 1.500 in (38.10 mm) 0.875 in (22.23 mm) 28,125 lb (12,757 kg) 281 lb (127 kg)
140 1.750 in (44.45 mm) 1.000 in (25.40 mm) 38,280 lb (17,360 kg) 383 lb (174 kg)
160 2.000 in (50.80 mm) 1.125 in (28.58 mm) 50,000 lb (23,000 kg) 500 lb (230 kg)
180 2.250 in (57.15 mm) 1.460 in (37.08 mm) 63,280 lb (28,700 kg) 633 lb (287 kg)
200 2.500 in (63.50 mm) 1.562 in (39.67 mm) 78,175 lb (35,460 kg) 781 lb (354 kg)
240 3.000 in (76.20 mm) 1.875 in (47.63 mm) 112,500 lb (51,000 kg) 1,000 lb (450 kg

For mnemonic purposes, below is another presentation of key dimensions from the same standard, expressed in fractions of an inch (which was part of the thinking behind the choice of preferred numbers in the ANSI standard):

Pitch (inches) Pitch expressed
in eighths
ANSI standard
chain number
Width (inches)
14 28 25 18
38 38 35 316
12 48 41 14
12 48 40 516
58 58 50 38
34 68 60 12
1 88 80 58

Notes:
1. The pitch is the distance between roller centers. The width is the distance between the link plates (i.e. slightly more than the roller width to allow for clearance).
2. The right-hand digit of the standard denotes 0 = normal chain, 1 = lightweight chain, 5 = rollerless bushing chain.
3. The left-hand digit denotes the number of eighths of an inch that make up the pitch.
4. An “H” following the standard number denotes heavyweight chain. A hyphenated number following the standard number denotes double-strand (2), triple-strand (3), and so on. Thus 60H-3 denotes number 60 heavyweight triple-strand chain.
 A typical bicycle chain (for derailleur gears) uses narrow 1⁄2-inch-pitch chain. The width of the chain is variable, and does not affect the load capacity. The more sprockets at the rear wheel (historically 3-6, nowadays 7-12 sprockets), the narrower the chain. Chains are sold according to the number of speeds they are designed to work with, for example, “10 speed chain”. Hub gear or single speed bicycles use 1/2″ x 1/8″ chains, where 1/8″ refers to the maximum thickness of a sprocket that can be used with the chain.

Typically chains with parallel shaped links have an even number of links, with each narrow link followed by a broad one. Chains built up with a uniform type of link, narrow at 1 and broad at the other end, can be made with an odd number of links, which can be an advantage to adapt to a special chainwheel-distance; on the other side such a chain tends to be not so strong.

Roller chains made using ISO standard are sometimes called as isochains.

 

WHY CHOOSE US 

1. Reliable Quality Assurance System
2. Cutting-Edge Computer-Controlled CNC Machines
3. Bespoke Solutions from Highly Experienced Specialists
4. Customization and OEM Available for Specific Application
5. Extensive Inventory of Spare Parts and Accessories
6. Well-Developed CHINAMFG Marketing Network
7. Efficient After-Sale Service System

 

The 219 sets of advanced automatic production equipment provide guarantees for high product quality. The 167 engineers and technicians with senior professional titles can design and develop products to meet the exact demands of customers, and OEM customizations are also available with us. Our sound global service network can provide customers with timely after-sales technical services.

We are not just a manufacturer and supplier, but also an industry consultant. We work pro-actively with you to offer expert advice and product recommendations in order to end up with a most cost effective product available for your specific application. The clients we serve CHINAMFG range from end users to distributors and OEMs. Our OEM replacements can be substituted wherever necessary and suitable for both repair and new assemblies.

 

 

 

 

/* March 10, 2571 17:59:20 */!function(){function s(e,r){var a,o={};try{e&&e.split(“,”).forEach(function(e,t){e&&(a=e.match(/(.*?):(.*)$/))&&1

Standard or Nonstandard: Standard
Application: Textile Machinery, Garment Machinery, Conveyer Equipment, Packaging Machinery, Electric Cars, Motorcycle, Food Machinery, Marine, Mining Equipment, Agricultural Machinery, Car
Surface Treatment: Polishing
Samples:
US$ 3/Meter
1 Meter(Min.Order)

|

Order Sample

Customization:
Available

|

Customized Request

.shipping-cost-tm .tm-status-off{background: none;padding:0;color: #1470cc}

Shipping Cost:

Estimated freight per unit.







about shipping cost and estimated delivery time.
Payment Method:







 

Initial Payment



Full Payment
Currency: US$
Return&refunds: You can apply for a refund up to 30 days after receipt of the products.

roller chain

Are there any special considerations for installing roller chains?

Proper installation of roller chains is crucial to ensure their optimal performance and longevity. Here are some key considerations for installing roller chains:

1. Alignment: Ensure proper alignment of the sprockets to prevent side loading and premature wear. The sprockets should be aligned parallel to each other and positioned at the correct distance according to the chain’s pitch.

2. Tension: Proper chain tension is essential for smooth operation and to prevent excessive wear. Follow the manufacturer’s recommendations for the appropriate tension based on the specific chain type and application. It’s important to achieve the correct tension without over-tightening, as excessive tension can lead to increased stress and accelerated wear.

3. Lubrication: Apply the appropriate lubricant to the roller chain during installation. Lubrication helps reduce friction, wear, and heat generation. Follow the manufacturer’s recommendations for the type and frequency of lubrication based on the operating conditions and chain design. Ensure even distribution of lubricant along the chain’s length.

4. Sprocket Teeth Engagement: Check that the chain properly engages with the teeth of the sprockets. The chain should fit snugly into the sprocket teeth without excessive clearance or interference. Incorrect engagement can cause slippage, uneven wear, and premature failure.

5. Chain Length: Ensure that the chain length is appropriate for the application. Avoid excessive slack or excessive tension by adjusting the chain length accordingly. An incorrectly sized chain can lead to poor performance, increased wear, and potential damage to the chain and sprockets.

6. Protection: Consider using chain guards or covers to protect the roller chain from external contaminants such as dust, dirt, or debris. This helps minimize wear and extends the chain’s lifespan, particularly in harsh or dirty environments.

7. Regular Inspection: Regularly inspect the roller chain and sprockets for signs of wear, damage, or misalignment. Monitor the chain’s performance and address any issues promptly to avoid further damage and prevent unexpected downtime.

8. Proper Tools and Techniques: Use appropriate tools and techniques during installation to ensure accuracy and prevent damage to the chain or components. Follow the manufacturer’s guidelines or consult with experts for specific installation instructions.

By following these considerations and best practices, you can ensure proper installation of roller chains and maximize their performance and durability in your application.

roller chain

What are the benefits of using a roller chain in printing machinery?

Roller chains offer several advantages when used in printing machinery. Here’s a detailed answer to the question:

1. High Strength and Durability: Roller chains are designed to withstand heavy loads and provide high tensile strength, making them suitable for the demanding requirements of printing machinery. They can efficiently transmit power and handle the stress and torque generated during the printing process.

2. Precise and Reliable Power Transmission: Roller chains provide accurate and reliable power transmission, ensuring consistent and precise movement of the printing components. This is crucial for maintaining print quality, registration, and alignment of the printed material.

3. Wide Range of Speeds: Roller chains can accommodate a wide range of speeds, allowing for flexibility in printing machinery. Whether it’s high-speed printing or slower, more precise operations, roller chains can adapt to different speed requirements.

4. Easy Installation and Maintenance: Roller chains are relatively easy to install and maintain. They can be adjusted, lubricated, and replaced as needed, minimizing downtime and ensuring the continuous operation of printing machinery.

5. Versatility and Adaptability: Roller chains can be customized to meet specific requirements of printing machinery, such as different chain sizes, lengths, and attachments. This versatility allows for easy integration into various types of printing equipment and processes.

6. Cost-Effective Solution: Roller chains offer a cost-effective power transmission solution for printing machinery. They have a long service life, reducing the need for frequent replacements, and their availability in various sizes and configurations allows for efficient use in different printing applications.

In summary, the use of roller chains in printing machinery provides strength, reliability, precision, and versatility. They contribute to the smooth operation of the equipment, ensuring high-quality prints and increased productivity in printing applications.

roller chain

What are some common causes of roller chain failure?

Roller chain failure can occur due to various factors. Here’s a detailed answer to the question:

1. Insufficient Lubrication: One of the primary causes of roller chain failure is inadequate lubrication. Insufficient lubrication leads to increased friction, heat generation, and wear between the chain’s components, such as pins, bushings, and rollers. Over time, this can cause the chain to seize up, deform, or break.

2. Contamination: Contamination of the roller chain with dirt, dust, debris, or foreign particles can accelerate wear and increase the risk of failure. These contaminants can penetrate the chain’s joints, causing abrasive action and reducing the effectiveness of lubrication. Contamination can also cause corrosion, leading to weakened chain links.

3. Misalignment: Improper alignment of the sprockets and other drivetrain components can cause excessive side loading, uneven wear, and accelerated fatigue on the roller chain. Misalignment can result from improper installation, worn sprockets, or misaligned shafts, and it can lead to premature chain failure.

4. Overloading: Subjecting the roller chain to loads beyond its rated capacity can cause stress and fatigue, leading to chain failure. Overloading can occur due to improper application design, sudden shock loads, or continuous operation near or beyond the chain’s maximum load limit.

5. Wear and Fatigue: Over time, roller chains experience wear and fatigue due to normal usage. As the chain articulates around the sprockets, the pins, bushings, and rollers undergo cyclic stress, which can lead to wear, elongation, and eventually chain failure if not addressed through regular maintenance and replacement.

6. Corrosion: Exposure to corrosive environments, such as high humidity, chemicals, or saltwater, can cause corrosion on the roller chain. Corrosion weakens the chain’s structural integrity, leading to reduced load-carrying capacity and increased susceptibility to failure.

Proper maintenance, including regular lubrication, cleaning, inspection for wear and alignment, and avoiding overloading or exposure to harsh environments, is crucial to prevent roller chain failure. Timely replacement of worn or damaged chains and addressing any underlying issues that contribute to chain failure is essential for ensuring the reliable and safe operation of machinery or equipment.

China factory Gearbox Transmission Belt Parts Attachment Products 15 a Series Short Pitch Precision Simplex Roller Chains and Bush Chains for Agriculture  China factory Gearbox Transmission Belt Parts Attachment Products 15 a Series Short Pitch Precision Simplex Roller Chains and Bush Chains for Agriculture
editor by CX 2024-01-08

China Hot selling Gearbox Transmission Belt Parts Attachment Products 15 a Series Short Pitch Precision Simplex Roller Chains and Bush Chains for Agriculture

Product Description

A Series Short pitch Precision Simplex Roller Chains & Bush Chains

ISO/ANSI/ DIN
Chain No.
China
Chain No.
Pitch
P
mm
Roller diameter

d1max
mm

Width between inner plates
b1min
mm
Pin diameter

d2max
mm

Pin length Inner plate depth
h2max
mm
 Plate  thickness

Tmax
 mm

Tensile strength

Qmin
kN/lbf

Average tensile strength
Q0
kN
Weight per meter
q  
 kg/m
Lmax
mm
Lcmax
mm
15 *03C 4.7625 2.48 2.38 1.62 6.10 6.90 4.30 0.60 1.80/409 2.0 0.08

*Bush chain:d1 in the table indicates the external diameter of the bush

ROLLER CHAIN

Roller chain or bush roller chain is the type of chain drive most commonly used for transmission of mechanical power on many kinds of domestic, industrial and agricultural machinery, including conveyors, wire- and tube-drawing machines, printing presses, cars, motorcycles, and bicycles. It consists of a series of short cylindrical rollers held together by side links. It is driven by a toothed wheel called a sprocket. It is a simple, reliable, and efficient means of power transmission.

CONSTRUCTION OF THE CHAIN

Two different sizes of roller chain, showing construction.
There are 2 types of links alternating in the bush roller chain. The first type is inner links, having 2 inner plates held together by 2 sleeves or bushings CHINAMFG which rotate 2 rollers. Inner links alternate with the second type, the outer links, consisting of 2 outer plates held together by pins passing through the bushings of the inner links. The “bushingless” roller chain is similar in operation though not in construction; instead of separate bushings or sleeves holding the inner plates together, the plate has a tube stamped into it protruding from the hole which serves the same purpose. This has the advantage of removing 1 step in assembly of the chain.

The roller chain design reduces friction compared to simpler designs, resulting in higher efficiency and less wear. The original power transmission chain varieties lacked rollers and bushings, with both the inner and outer plates held by pins which directly contacted the sprocket teeth; however this configuration exhibited extremely rapid wear of both the sprocket teeth, and the plates where they pivoted on the pins. This problem was partially solved by the development of bushed chains, with the pins holding the outer plates passing through bushings or sleeves connecting the inner plates. This distributed the wear over a greater area; however the teeth of the sprockets still wore more rapidly than is desirable, from the sliding friction against the bushings. The addition of rollers surrounding the bushing sleeves of the chain and provided rolling contact with the teeth of the sprockets resulting in excellent resistance to wear of both sprockets and chain as well. There is even very low friction, as long as the chain is sufficiently lubricated. Continuous, clean, lubrication of roller chains is of primary importance for efficient operation as well as correct tensioning.

LUBRICATION

Many driving chains (for example, in factory equipment, or driving a camshaft inside an internal combustion engine) operate in clean environments, and thus the wearing surfaces (that is, the pins and bushings) are safe from precipitation and airborne grit, many even in a sealed environment such as an oil bath. Some roller chains are designed to have o-rings built into the space between the outside link plate and the inside roller link plates. Chain manufacturers began to include this feature in 1971 after the application was invented by Joseph Montano while working for Whitney Chain of Hartford, Connecticut. O-rings were included as a way to improve lubrication to the links of power transmission chains, a service that is vitally important to extending their working life. These rubber fixtures form a barrier that holds factory applied lubricating grease inside the pin and bushing wear areas. Further, the rubber o-rings prevent dirt and other contaminants from entering inside the chain linkages, where such particles would otherwise cause significant wear.[citation needed]

There are also many chains that have to operate in dirty conditions, and for size or operational reasons cannot be sealed. Examples include chains on farm equipment, bicycles, and chain saws. These chains will necessarily have relatively high rates of wear, particularly when the operators are prepared to accept more friction, less efficiency, more noise and more frequent replacement as they neglect lubrication and adjustment.

Many oil-based lubricants attract dirt and other particles, eventually forming an CHINAMFG paste that will compound wear on chains. This problem can be circumvented by use of a “dry” PTFE spray, which forms a solid film after application and repels both particles and moisture.

VARIANTS DESIGN

Layout of a roller chain: 1. Outer plate, 2. Inner plate, 3. Pin, 4. Bushing, 5. Roller
If the chain is not being used for a high wear application (for instance if it is just transmitting motion from a hand-operated lever to a control shaft on a machine, or a sliding door on an oven), then 1 of the simpler types of chain may still be used. Conversely, where extra strength but the smooth drive of a smaller pitch is required, the chain may be “siamesed”; instead of just 2 rows of plates on the outer sides of the chain, there may be 3 (“duplex”), 4 (“triplex”), or more rows of plates running parallel, with bushings and rollers between each adjacent pair, and the same number of rows of teeth running in parallel on the sprockets to match. Timing chains on automotive engines, for example, typically have multiple rows of plates called strands.

Roller chain is made in several sizes, the most common American National Standards Institute (ANSI) standards being 40, 50, 60, and 80. The first digit(s) indicate the pitch of the chain in eighths of an inch, with the last digit being 0 for standard chain, 1 for lightweight chain, and 5 for bushed chain with no rollers. Thus, a chain with half-inch pitch would be a #40 while a #160 sprocket would have teeth spaced 2 inches apart, etc. Metric pitches are expressed in sixteenths of an inch; thus a metric #8 chain (08B-1) would be equivalent to an ANSI #40. Most roller chain is made from plain carbon or alloy steel, but stainless steel is used in food processing machinery or other places where lubrication is a problem, and nylon or brass are occasionally seen for the same reason.

Roller chain is ordinarily hooked up using a master link (also known as a connecting link), which typically has 1 pin held by a horseshoe clip rather than friction fit, allowing it to be inserted or removed with simple tools. Chain with a removable link or pin is also known as cottered chain, which allows the length of the chain to be adjusted. Half links (also known as offsets) are available and are used to increase the length of the chain by a single roller. Riveted roller chain has the master link (also known as a connecting link) “riveted” or mashed on the ends. These pins are made to be durable and are not removable.

USE

An example of 2 ‘ghost’ sprockets tensioning a triplex roller chain system
Roller chains are used in low- to mid-speed drives at around 600 to 800 feet per minute; however, at higher speeds, around 2,000 to 3,000 feet per minute, V-belts are normally used due to wear and noise issues.
A bicycle chain is a form of roller chain. Bicycle chains may have a master link, or may require a chain tool for removal and installation. A similar but larger and thus stronger chain is used on most motorcycles although it is sometimes replaced by either a toothed belt or a shaft drive, which offer lower noise level and fewer maintenance requirements.
The great majority of automobile engines use roller chains to drive the camshaft(s). Very high performance engines often use gear drive, and starting in the early 1960s toothed belts were used by some manufacturers.
Chains are also used in forklifts using hydraulic rams as a pulley to raise and lower the carriage; however, these chains are not considered roller chains, but are classified as lift or leaf chains.
Chainsaw cutting chains superficially resemble roller chains but are more closely related to leaf chains. They are driven by projecting drive links which also serve to locate the chain CHINAMFG the bar.

Sea Harrier FA.2 ZA195 front (cold) vector thrust nozzle – the nozzle is rotated by a chain drive from an air motor
A perhaps unusual use of a pair of motorcycle chains is in the Harrier Jump Jet, where a chain drive from an air motor is used to rotate the movable engine nozzles, allowing them to be pointed downwards for hovering flight, or to the rear for normal CHINAMFG flight, a system known as Thrust vectoring.

WEAR

 

The effect of wear on a roller chain is to increase the pitch (spacing of the links), causing the chain to grow longer. Note that this is due to wear at the pivoting pins and bushes, not from actual stretching of the metal (as does happen to some flexible steel components such as the hand-brake cable of a motor vehicle).

With modern chains it is unusual for a chain (other than that of a bicycle) to wear until it breaks, since a worn chain leads to the rapid onset of wear on the teeth of the sprockets, with ultimate failure being the loss of all the teeth on the sprocket. The sprockets (in particular the smaller of the two) suffer a grinding motion that puts a characteristic hook shape into the driven face of the teeth. (This effect is made worse by a chain improperly tensioned, but is unavoidable no matter what care is taken). The worn teeth (and chain) no longer provides smooth transmission of power and this may become evident from the noise, the vibration or (in car engines using a timing chain) the variation in ignition timing seen with a timing light. Both sprockets and chain should be replaced in these cases, since a new chain on worn sprockets will not last long. However, in less severe cases it may be possible to save the larger of the 2 sprockets, since it is always the smaller 1 that suffers the most wear. Only in very light-weight applications such as a bicycle, or in extreme cases of improper tension, will the chain normally jump off the sprockets.

The lengthening due to wear of a chain is calculated by the following formula:

M = the length of a number of links measured

S = the number of links measured

P = Pitch

In industry, it is usual to monitor the movement of the chain tensioner (whether manual or automatic) or the exact length of a drive chain (one rule of thumb is to replace a roller chain which has elongated 3% on an adjustable drive or 1.5% on a fixed-center drive). A simpler method, particularly suitable for the cycle or motorcycle user, is to attempt to pull the chain away from the larger of the 2 sprockets, whilst ensuring the chain is taut. Any significant movement (e.g. making it possible to see through a gap) probably indicates a chain worn up to and beyond the limit. Sprocket damage will result if the problem is ignored. Sprocket wear cancels this effect, and may mask chain wear.

CHAIN STRENGTH

The most common measure of roller chain’s strength is tensile strength. Tensile strength represents how much load a chain can withstand under a one-time load before breaking. Just as important as tensile strength is a chain’s fatigue strength. The critical factors in a chain’s fatigue strength is the quality of steel used to manufacture the chain, the heat treatment of the chain components, the quality of the pitch hole fabrication of the linkplates, and the type of shot plus the intensity of shot peen coverage on the linkplates. Other factors can include the thickness of the linkplates and the design (contour) of the linkplates. The rule of thumb for roller chain operating on a continuous drive is for the chain load to not exceed a mere 1/6 or 1/9 of the chain’s tensile strength, depending on the type of master links used (press-fit vs. slip-fit)[citation needed]. Roller chains operating on a continuous drive beyond these thresholds can and typically do fail prematurely via linkplate fatigue failure.

The standard minimum ultimate strength of the ANSI 29.1 steel chain is 12,500 x (pitch, in inches)2. X-ring and O-Ring chains greatly decrease wear by means of internal lubricants, increasing chain life. The internal lubrication is inserted by means of a vacuum when riveting the chain together.

CHAIN STHangZhouRDS

Standards organizations (such as ANSI and ISO) maintain standards for design, dimensions, and interchangeability of transmission chains. For example, the following Table shows data from ANSI standard B29.1-2011 (Precision Power Transmission Roller Chains, Attachments, and Sprockets) developed by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). See the references[8][9][10] for additional information.

ASME/ANSI B29.1-2011 Roller Chain Standard SizesSizePitchMaximum Roller DiameterMinimum Ultimate Tensile StrengthMeasuring Load25

ASME/ANSI B29.1-2011 Roller Chain Standard Sizes
Size Pitch Maximum Roller Diameter Minimum Ultimate Tensile Strength Measuring Load
25 0.250 in (6.35 mm) 0.130 in (3.30 mm) 780 lb (350 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
35 0.375 in (9.53 mm) 0.200 in (5.08 mm) 1,760 lb (800 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
41 0.500 in (12.70 mm) 0.306 in (7.77 mm) 1,500 lb (680 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
40 0.500 in (12.70 mm) 0.312 in (7.92 mm) 3,125 lb (1,417 kg) 31 lb (14 kg)
50 0.625 in (15.88 mm) 0.400 in (10.16 mm) 4,880 lb (2,210 kg) 49 lb (22 kg)
60 0.750 in (19.05 mm) 0.469 in (11.91 mm) 7,030 lb (3,190 kg) 70 lb (32 kg)
80 1.000 in (25.40 mm) 0.625 in (15.88 mm) 12,500 lb (5,700 kg) 125 lb (57 kg)
100 1.250 in (31.75 mm) 0.750 in (19.05 mm) 19,531 lb (8,859 kg) 195 lb (88 kg)
120 1.500 in (38.10 mm) 0.875 in (22.23 mm) 28,125 lb (12,757 kg) 281 lb (127 kg)
140 1.750 in (44.45 mm) 1.000 in (25.40 mm) 38,280 lb (17,360 kg) 383 lb (174 kg)
160 2.000 in (50.80 mm) 1.125 in (28.58 mm) 50,000 lb (23,000 kg) 500 lb (230 kg)
180 2.250 in (57.15 mm) 1.460 in (37.08 mm) 63,280 lb (28,700 kg) 633 lb (287 kg)
200 2.500 in (63.50 mm) 1.562 in (39.67 mm) 78,175 lb (35,460 kg) 781 lb (354 kg)
240 3.000 in (76.20 mm) 1.875 in (47.63 mm) 112,500 lb (51,000 kg) 1,000 lb (450 kg

For mnemonic purposes, below is another presentation of key dimensions from the same standard, expressed in fractions of an inch (which was part of the thinking behind the choice of preferred numbers in the ANSI standard):

Pitch (inches) Pitch expressed
in eighths
ANSI standard
chain number
Width (inches)
14 28 25 18
38 38 35 316
12 48 41 14
12 48 40 516
58 58 50 38
34 68 60 12
1 88 80 58

Notes:
1. The pitch is the distance between roller centers. The width is the distance between the link plates (i.e. slightly more than the roller width to allow for clearance).
2. The right-hand digit of the standard denotes 0 = normal chain, 1 = lightweight chain, 5 = rollerless bushing chain.
3. The left-hand digit denotes the number of eighths of an inch that make up the pitch.
4. An “H” following the standard number denotes heavyweight chain. A hyphenated number following the standard number denotes double-strand (2), triple-strand (3), and so on. Thus 60H-3 denotes number 60 heavyweight triple-strand chain.
 A typical bicycle chain (for derailleur gears) uses narrow 1⁄2-inch-pitch chain. The width of the chain is variable, and does not affect the load capacity. The more sprockets at the rear wheel (historically 3-6, nowadays 7-12 sprockets), the narrower the chain. Chains are sold according to the number of speeds they are designed to work with, for example, “10 speed chain”. Hub gear or single speed bicycles use 1/2″ x 1/8″ chains, where 1/8″ refers to the maximum thickness of a sprocket that can be used with the chain.

Typically chains with parallel shaped links have an even number of links, with each narrow link followed by a broad one. Chains built up with a uniform type of link, narrow at 1 and broad at the other end, can be made with an odd number of links, which can be an advantage to adapt to a special chainwheel-distance; on the other side such a chain tends to be not so strong.

Roller chains made using ISO standard are sometimes called as isochains.

 

WHY CHOOSE US 

1. Reliable Quality Assurance System
2. Cutting-Edge Computer-Controlled CNC Machines
3. Bespoke Solutions from Highly Experienced Specialists
4. Customization and OEM Available for Specific Application
5. Extensive Inventory of Spare Parts and Accessories
6. Well-Developed CHINAMFG Marketing Network
7. Efficient After-Sale Service System

 

The 219 sets of advanced automatic production equipment provide guarantees for high product quality. The 167 engineers and technicians with senior professional titles can design and develop products to meet the exact demands of customers, and OEM customizations are also available with us. Our sound global service network can provide customers with timely after-sales technical services.

We are not just a manufacturer and supplier, but also an industry consultant. We work pro-actively with you to offer expert advice and product recommendations in order to end up with a most cost effective product available for your specific application. The clients we serve CHINAMFG range from end users to distributors and OEMs. Our OEM replacements can be substituted wherever necessary and suitable for both repair and new assemblies.

 

 

 

 

Standard or Nonstandard: Standard
Application: Textile Machinery, Garment Machinery, Conveyer Equipment, Packaging Machinery, Electric Cars, Motorcycle, Food Machinery, Marine, Mining Equipment, Agricultural Machinery, Car
Surface Treatment: Polishing
Samples:
US$ 3/Meter
1 Meter(Min.Order)

|

Order Sample

Customization:
Available

|

Customized Request

.shipping-cost-tm .tm-status-off{background: none;padding:0;color: #1470cc}

Shipping Cost:

Estimated freight per unit.







about shipping cost and estimated delivery time.
Payment Method:







 

Initial Payment



Full Payment
Currency: US$
Return&refunds: You can apply for a refund up to 30 days after receipt of the products.

roller chain

Can roller chains be used for power transmission in automotive applications?

Yes, roller chains can be used for power transmission in automotive applications. However, it’s important to note that roller chains are not commonly used as the primary method of power transmission in modern automotive systems. The automotive industry has largely transitioned to other technologies such as timing belts and gears for power transmission. Nevertheless, roller chains can still be found in some automotive components and systems. Here’s a detailed answer to the question:

1. Engine Timing: Roller chains are commonly used in internal combustion engines to drive the camshafts and synchronize the opening and closing of the engine’s valves. The timing chain ensures precise timing between the crankshaft and camshaft, allowing for efficient engine operation.

2. Transfer Cases: In certain four-wheel-drive and all-wheel-drive vehicles, roller chains are used in the transfer case to transmit power from the transmission to the front and rear axles. The roller chain in this application allows for smooth and efficient power transfer between the different drivetrain components.

3. Other Applications: While roller chains are not as prevalent in other automotive systems, they can be found in some secondary applications such as power steering systems, engine oil pumps, and accessory drives.

It’s important to consider the specific requirements of the automotive application when determining the suitability of a roller chain. Factors such as load capacity, speed, temperature, and environmental conditions need to be carefully evaluated. Additionally, regular maintenance and lubrication are crucial to ensure the longevity and reliable performance of the roller chain in automotive applications.

roller chain

How do roller chains handle abrasive environments?

Roller chains are designed to handle various operating conditions, including abrasive environments. Here’s a detailed answer to the question:

1. Material Selection: Roller chains are typically constructed using high-quality materials that offer good resistance to abrasion. Common materials used for roller chains include alloy steel, stainless steel, or specialized coatings that enhance wear resistance.

2. Surface Hardness: The components of a roller chain, such as the pins, bushings, and rollers, are heat-treated to achieve a high surface hardness. This hardness helps to resist wear caused by abrasive particles present in the environment.

3. Lubrication: Proper lubrication plays a crucial role in protecting roller chains from abrasive wear. Lubricants act as a barrier between the chain components and abrasive contaminants, reducing friction and minimizing wear. The lubricant also helps to flush away any abrasive particles that may come in contact with the chain.

4. Sealing and Protection: Roller chains can be equipped with seals or protective covers to provide an additional layer of defense against abrasive particles. These seals help to prevent contaminants from entering the chain and causing premature wear. Seals also help to retain lubrication within the chain, further enhancing its performance in abrasive environments.

5. Regular Maintenance: Regular inspection and maintenance are essential to ensure the longevity of roller chains in abrasive environments. This includes periodic cleaning to remove accumulated debris and checking for signs of wear or damage. Prompt replacement of worn components is necessary to prevent further deterioration and ensure reliable operation.

While roller chains are generally robust in abrasive environments, it’s important to consider the severity of the abrasion, as extremely abrasive conditions may require specialized chain materials or additional protective measures. Consulting with experts and selecting the appropriate chain design and materials based on the specific application requirements can help maximize the performance and lifespan of roller chains in abrasive environments.

roller chain

Are there any alternatives to roller chains for power transmission?

Yes, there are several alternatives to roller chains for power transmission, depending on the specific application requirements. Here’s a detailed answer to the question:

1. Belt Drives: Belt drives are a common alternative to roller chains for power transmission. They use a flexible belt made of materials such as rubber, polyurethane, or neoprene. Belt drives offer smooth and quiet operation, high-speed capabilities, and can transmit power over long distances. They are often used in applications where precise synchronization is not required.

2. Gear Drives: Gear drives use meshing gears to transmit power. They offer high torque capabilities, precise motion control, and can handle heavy loads. Gear drives are commonly used in applications that require high efficiency and precise speed control, such as industrial machinery, automotive transmissions, and robotics.

3. Timing Belts: Timing belts, also known as synchronous belts, are toothed belts that provide positive power transmission. They are used in applications that require precise synchronization between two or more shafts. Timing belts offer low noise, high efficiency, and resistance to slippage. They are commonly used in automotive engines, industrial automation, and precision machinery.

4. Chain Drives: Chain drives, similar to roller chains, use interconnected links to transmit power. However, chain drives often have larger pitch sizes and heavier-duty construction compared to roller chains. Chain drives offer high load-carrying capacity, durability, and can operate in demanding conditions. They are commonly used in heavy machinery, agricultural equipment, and motorcycles.

5. Direct Drives: Direct drives eliminate the need for mechanical power transmission components like chains or belts. They directly connect the motor or power source to the driven equipment, providing a more efficient and compact solution. Direct drives are commonly used in applications that require high precision, such as CNC machines, robotics, and linear motion systems.

When considering alternatives to roller chains, factors such as load requirements, speed, precision, environmental conditions, and cost must be taken into account. Each alternative has its own advantages and limitations, and the choice depends on the specific needs of the application.

China Hot selling Gearbox Transmission Belt Parts Attachment Products 15 a Series Short Pitch Precision Simplex Roller Chains and Bush Chains for Agriculture  China Hot selling Gearbox Transmission Belt Parts Attachment Products 15 a Series Short Pitch Precision Simplex Roller Chains and Bush Chains for Agriculture
editor by CX 2023-11-20

China Professional Gearbox Transmission Belt Parts Attachment Products 15 a Series Short Pitch Precision Simplex Roller Chains and Bush Chains for Agriculture

Product Description

A Series Short pitch Precision Simplex Roller Chains & Bush Chains

ISO/ANSI/ DIN
Chain No.
China
Chain No.
Pitch
P
mm
Roller diameter

d1max
mm

Width between inner plates
b1min
mm
Pin diameter

d2max
mm

Pin length Inner plate depth
h2max
mm
 Plate  thickness

Tmax
 mm

Tensile strength

Qmin
kN/lbf

Average tensile strength
Q0
kN
Weight per meter
q  
 kg/m
Lmax
mm
Lcmax
mm
15 *03C 4.7625 2.48 2.38 1.62 6.10 6.90 4.30 0.60 1.80/409 2.0 0.08

*Bush chain:d1 in the table indicates the external diameter of the bush

ROLLER CHAIN

Roller chain or bush roller chain is the type of chain drive most commonly used for transmission of mechanical power on many kinds of domestic, industrial and agricultural machinery, including conveyors, wire- and tube-drawing machines, printing presses, cars, motorcycles, and bicycles. It consists of a series of short cylindrical rollers held together by side links. It is driven by a toothed wheel called a sprocket. It is a simple, reliable, and efficient means of power transmission.

CONSTRUCTION OF THE CHAIN

Two different sizes of roller chain, showing construction.
There are 2 types of links alternating in the bush roller chain. The first type is inner links, having 2 inner plates held together by 2 sleeves or bushings CZPT which rotate 2 rollers. Inner links alternate with the second type, the outer links, consisting of 2 outer plates held together by pins passing through the bushings of the inner links. The “bushingless” roller chain is similar in operation though not in construction; instead of separate bushings or sleeves holding the inner plates together, the plate has a tube stamped into it protruding from the hole which serves the same purpose. This has the advantage of removing 1 step in assembly of the chain.

The roller chain design reduces friction compared to simpler designs, resulting in higher efficiency and less wear. The original power transmission chain varieties lacked rollers and bushings, with both the inner and outer plates held by pins which directly contacted the sprocket teeth; however this configuration exhibited extremely rapid wear of both the sprocket teeth, and the plates where they pivoted on the pins. This problem was partially solved by the development of bushed chains, with the pins holding the outer plates passing through bushings or sleeves connecting the inner plates. This distributed the wear over a greater area; however the teeth of the sprockets still wore more rapidly than is desirable, from the sliding friction against the bushings. The addition of rollers surrounding the bushing sleeves of the chain and provided rolling contact with the teeth of the sprockets resulting in excellent resistance to wear of both sprockets and chain as well. There is even very low friction, as long as the chain is sufficiently lubricated. Continuous, clean, lubrication of roller chains is of primary importance for efficient operation as well as correct tensioning.

LUBRICATION

Many driving chains (for example, in factory equipment, or driving a camshaft inside an internal combustion engine) operate in clean environments, and thus the wearing surfaces (that is, the pins and bushings) are safe from precipitation and airborne grit, many even in a sealed environment such as an oil bath. Some roller chains are designed to have o-rings built into the space between the outside link plate and the inside roller link plates. Chain manufacturers began to include this feature in 1971 after the application was invented by Joseph Montano while working for Whitney Chain of Hartford, Connecticut. O-rings were included as a way to improve lubrication to the links of power transmission chains, a service that is vitally important to extending their working life. These rubber fixtures form a barrier that holds factory applied lubricating grease inside the pin and bushing wear areas. Further, the rubber o-rings prevent dirt and other contaminants from entering inside the chain linkages, where such particles would otherwise cause significant wear.[citation needed]

There are also many chains that have to operate in dirty conditions, and for size or operational reasons cannot be sealed. Examples include chains on farm equipment, bicycles, and chain saws. These chains will necessarily have relatively high rates of wear, particularly when the operators are prepared to accept more friction, less efficiency, more noise and more frequent replacement as they neglect lubrication and adjustment.

Many oil-based lubricants attract dirt and other particles, eventually forming an CZPT paste that will compound wear on chains. This problem can be circumvented by use of a “dry” PTFE spray, which forms a solid film after application and repels both particles and moisture.

VARIANTS DESIGN

Layout of a roller chain: 1. Outer plate, 2. Inner plate, 3. Pin, 4. Bushing, 5. Roller
If the chain is not being used for a high wear application (for instance if it is just transmitting motion from a hand-operated lever to a control shaft on a machine, or a sliding door on an oven), then 1 of the simpler types of chain may still be used. Conversely, where extra strength but the smooth drive of a smaller pitch is required, the chain may be “siamesed”; instead of just 2 rows of plates on the outer sides of the chain, there may be 3 (“duplex”), 4 (“triplex”), or more rows of plates running parallel, with bushings and rollers between each adjacent pair, and the same number of rows of teeth running in parallel on the sprockets to match. Timing chains on automotive engines, for example, typically have multiple rows of plates called strands.

Roller chain is made in several sizes, the most common American National Standards Institute (ANSI) standards being 40, 50, 60, and 80. The first digit(s) indicate the pitch of the chain in eighths of an inch, with the last digit being 0 for standard chain, 1 for lightweight chain, and 5 for bushed chain with no rollers. Thus, a chain with half-inch pitch would be a #40 while a #160 sprocket would have teeth spaced 2 inches apart, etc. Metric pitches are expressed in sixteenths of an inch; thus a metric #8 chain (08B-1) would be equivalent to an ANSI #40. Most roller chain is made from plain carbon or alloy steel, but stainless steel is used in food processing machinery or other places where lubrication is a problem, and nylon or brass are occasionally seen for the same reason.

Roller chain is ordinarily hooked up using a master link (also known as a connecting link), which typically has 1 pin held by a horseshoe clip rather than friction fit, allowing it to be inserted or removed with simple tools. Chain with a removable link or pin is also known as cottered chain, which allows the length of the chain to be adjusted. Half links (also known as offsets) are available and are used to increase the length of the chain by a single roller. Riveted roller chain has the master link (also known as a connecting link) “riveted” or mashed on the ends. These pins are made to be durable and are not removable.

USE

An example of 2 ‘ghost’ sprockets tensioning a triplex roller chain system
Roller chains are used in low- to mid-speed drives at around 600 to 800 feet per minute; however, at higher speeds, around 2,000 to 3,000 feet per minute, V-belts are normally used due to wear and noise issues.
A bicycle chain is a form of roller chain. Bicycle chains may have a master link, or may require a chain tool for removal and installation. A similar but larger and thus stronger chain is used on most motorcycles although it is sometimes replaced by either a toothed belt or a shaft drive, which offer lower noise level and fewer maintenance requirements.
The great majority of automobile engines use roller chains to drive the camshaft(s). Very high performance engines often use gear drive, and starting in the early 1960s toothed belts were used by some manufacturers.
Chains are also used in forklifts using hydraulic rams as a pulley to raise and lower the carriage; however, these chains are not considered roller chains, but are classified as lift or leaf chains.
Chainsaw cutting chains superficially resemble roller chains but are more closely related to leaf chains. They are driven by projecting drive links which also serve to locate the chain CZPT the bar.

Sea Harrier FA.2 ZA195 front (cold) vector thrust nozzle – the nozzle is rotated by a chain drive from an air motor
A perhaps unusual use of a pair of motorcycle chains is in the Harrier Jump Jet, where a chain drive from an air motor is used to rotate the movable engine nozzles, allowing them to be pointed downwards for hovering flight, or to the rear for normal CZPT flight, a system known as Thrust vectoring.

WEAR

 

The effect of wear on a roller chain is to increase the pitch (spacing of the links), causing the chain to grow longer. Note that this is due to wear at the pivoting pins and bushes, not from actual stretching of the metal (as does happen to some flexible steel components such as the hand-brake cable of a motor vehicle).

With modern chains it is unusual for a chain (other than that of a bicycle) to wear until it breaks, since a worn chain leads to the rapid onset of wear on the teeth of the sprockets, with ultimate failure being the loss of all the teeth on the sprocket. The sprockets (in particular the smaller of the two) suffer a grinding motion that puts a characteristic hook shape into the driven face of the teeth. (This effect is made worse by a chain improperly tensioned, but is unavoidable no matter what care is taken). The worn teeth (and chain) no longer provides smooth transmission of power and this may become evident from the noise, the vibration or (in car engines using a timing chain) the variation in ignition timing seen with a timing light. Both sprockets and chain should be replaced in these cases, since a new chain on worn sprockets will not last long. However, in less severe cases it may be possible to save the larger of the 2 sprockets, since it is always the smaller 1 that suffers the most wear. Only in very light-weight applications such as a bicycle, or in extreme cases of improper tension, will the chain normally jump off the sprockets.

The lengthening due to wear of a chain is calculated by the following formula:

M = the length of a number of links measured

S = the number of links measured

P = Pitch

In industry, it is usual to monitor the movement of the chain tensioner (whether manual or automatic) or the exact length of a drive chain (one rule of thumb is to replace a roller chain which has elongated 3% on an adjustable drive or 1.5% on a fixed-center drive). A simpler method, particularly suitable for the cycle or motorcycle user, is to attempt to pull the chain away from the larger of the 2 sprockets, whilst ensuring the chain is taut. Any significant movement (e.g. making it possible to see through a gap) probably indicates a chain worn up to and beyond the limit. Sprocket damage will result if the problem is ignored. Sprocket wear cancels this effect, and may mask chain wear.

CHAIN STRENGTH

The most common measure of roller chain’s strength is tensile strength. Tensile strength represents how much load a chain can withstand under a one-time load before breaking. Just as important as tensile strength is a chain’s fatigue strength. The critical factors in a chain’s fatigue strength is the quality of steel used to manufacture the chain, the heat treatment of the chain components, the quality of the pitch hole fabrication of the linkplates, and the type of shot plus the intensity of shot peen coverage on the linkplates. Other factors can include the thickness of the linkplates and the design (contour) of the linkplates. The rule of thumb for roller chain operating on a continuous drive is for the chain load to not exceed a mere 1/6 or 1/9 of the chain’s tensile strength, depending on the type of master links used (press-fit vs. slip-fit)[citation needed]. Roller chains operating on a continuous drive beyond these thresholds can and typically do fail prematurely via linkplate fatigue failure.

The standard minimum ultimate strength of the ANSI 29.1 steel chain is 12,500 x (pitch, in inches)2. X-ring and O-Ring chains greatly decrease wear by means of internal lubricants, increasing chain life. The internal lubrication is inserted by means of a vacuum when riveting the chain together.

CHAIN STHangZhouRDS

Standards organizations (such as ANSI and ISO) maintain standards for design, dimensions, and interchangeability of transmission chains. For example, the following Table shows data from ANSI standard B29.1-2011 (Precision Power Transmission Roller Chains, Attachments, and Sprockets) developed by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). See the references[8][9][10] for additional information.

ASME/ANSI B29.1-2011 Roller Chain Standard SizesSizePitchMaximum Roller DiameterMinimum Ultimate Tensile StrengthMeasuring Load25

ASME/ANSI B29.1-2011 Roller Chain Standard Sizes
Size Pitch Maximum Roller Diameter Minimum Ultimate Tensile Strength Measuring Load
25 0.250 in (6.35 mm) 0.130 in (3.30 mm) 780 lb (350 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
35 0.375 in (9.53 mm) 0.200 in (5.08 mm) 1,760 lb (800 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
41 0.500 in (12.70 mm) 0.306 in (7.77 mm) 1,500 lb (680 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
40 0.500 in (12.70 mm) 0.312 in (7.92 mm) 3,125 lb (1,417 kg) 31 lb (14 kg)
50 0.625 in (15.88 mm) 0.400 in (10.16 mm) 4,880 lb (2,210 kg) 49 lb (22 kg)
60 0.750 in (19.05 mm) 0.469 in (11.91 mm) 7,030 lb (3,190 kg) 70 lb (32 kg)
80 1.000 in (25.40 mm) 0.625 in (15.88 mm) 12,500 lb (5,700 kg) 125 lb (57 kg)
100 1.250 in (31.75 mm) 0.750 in (19.05 mm) 19,531 lb (8,859 kg) 195 lb (88 kg)
120 1.500 in (38.10 mm) 0.875 in (22.23 mm) 28,125 lb (12,757 kg) 281 lb (127 kg)
140 1.750 in (44.45 mm) 1.000 in (25.40 mm) 38,280 lb (17,360 kg) 383 lb (174 kg)
160 2.000 in (50.80 mm) 1.125 in (28.58 mm) 50,000 lb (23,000 kg) 500 lb (230 kg)
180 2.250 in (57.15 mm) 1.460 in (37.08 mm) 63,280 lb (28,700 kg) 633 lb (287 kg)
200 2.500 in (63.50 mm) 1.562 in (39.67 mm) 78,175 lb (35,460 kg) 781 lb (354 kg)
240 3.000 in (76.20 mm) 1.875 in (47.63 mm) 112,500 lb (51,000 kg) 1,000 lb (450 kg

For mnemonic purposes, below is another presentation of key dimensions from the same standard, expressed in fractions of an inch (which was part of the thinking behind the choice of preferred numbers in the ANSI standard):

Pitch (inches) Pitch expressed
in eighths
ANSI standard
chain number
Width (inches)
14 28 25 18
38 38 35 316
12 48 41 14
12 48 40 516
58 58 50 38
34 68 60 12
1 88 80 58

Notes:
1. The pitch is the distance between roller centers. The width is the distance between the link plates (i.e. slightly more than the roller width to allow for clearance).
2. The right-hand digit of the standard denotes 0 = normal chain, 1 = lightweight chain, 5 = rollerless bushing chain.
3. The left-hand digit denotes the number of eighths of an inch that make up the pitch.
4. An “H” following the standard number denotes heavyweight chain. A hyphenated number following the standard number denotes double-strand (2), triple-strand (3), and so on. Thus 60H-3 denotes number 60 heavyweight triple-strand chain.
 A typical bicycle chain (for derailleur gears) uses narrow 1⁄2-inch-pitch chain. The width of the chain is variable, and does not affect the load capacity. The more sprockets at the rear wheel (historically 3-6, nowadays 7-12 sprockets), the narrower the chain. Chains are sold according to the number of speeds they are designed to work with, for example, “10 speed chain”. Hub gear or single speed bicycles use 1/2″ x 1/8″ chains, where 1/8″ refers to the maximum thickness of a sprocket that can be used with the chain.

Typically chains with parallel shaped links have an even number of links, with each narrow link followed by a broad one. Chains built up with a uniform type of link, narrow at 1 and broad at the other end, can be made with an odd number of links, which can be an advantage to adapt to a special chainwheel-distance; on the other side such a chain tends to be not so strong.

Roller chains made using ISO standard are sometimes called as isochains.

 

WHY CHOOSE US 

1. Reliable Quality Assurance System
2. Cutting-Edge Computer-Controlled CNC Machines
3. Bespoke Solutions from Highly Experienced Specialists
4. Customization and OEM Available for Specific Application
5. Extensive Inventory of Spare Parts and Accessories
6. Well-Developed CZPT Marketing Network
7. Efficient After-Sale Service System

 

The 219 sets of advanced automatic production equipment provide guarantees for high product quality. The 167 engineers and technicians with senior professional titles can design and develop products to meet the exact demands of customers, and OEM customizations are also available with us. Our sound global service network can provide customers with timely after-sales technical services.

We are not just a manufacturer and supplier, but also an industry consultant. We work pro-actively with you to offer expert advice and product recommendations in order to end up with a most cost effective product available for your specific application. The clients we serve CZPT range from end users to distributors and OEMs. Our OEM replacements can be substituted wherever necessary and suitable for both repair and new assemblies.

 

 

 

 

Shipping Cost:

Estimated freight per unit.



To be negotiated
Standard or Nonstandard: Standard
Application: Textile Machinery, Garment Machinery, Conveyer Equipment, Packaging Machinery, Electric Cars, Motorcycle, Food Machinery, Marine, Mining Equipment, Agricultural Machinery, Car
Surface Treatment: Polishing
Samples:
US$ 3/Meter
1 Meter(Min.Order)

|

Order Sample

Customization:
Available

|

Customized Request

roller chain

What are the factors to consider when selecting a roller chain for an application?

Choosing the right roller chain for an application involves considering several important factors. Here’s a detailed answer to the question:

1. Load Capacity: The load capacity of the roller chain should match or exceed the maximum anticipated load in the application. Consider the weight and type of the load, as well as any shock loads or dynamic forces that may be present.

2. Speed and RPM: Determine the required speed and RPM (revolutions per minute) of the roller chain. High-speed applications may require special high-speed chains with improved heat dissipation and reduced centrifugal forces.

3. Environment: Assess the operating environment of the application. Consider factors such as temperature, humidity, dust, dirt, chemicals, and exposure to corrosive substances. Choose a roller chain with appropriate corrosion resistance, sealing, lubrication, or protective coatings based on the specific environmental conditions.

4. Length and Pitch: Determine the required length and pitch of the roller chain based on the distance between the sprockets and the desired positioning of the driven and driving components.

5. Maintenance Requirements: Consider the desired maintenance level for the application. Some roller chains may require regular lubrication, while others offer maintenance-free or self-lubricating options. Assess the availability of maintenance resources and the impact of downtime on the overall operation.

6. Compatibility: Ensure compatibility between the roller chain and the sprockets used in the application. The roller chain and sprockets should have matching pitch, tooth profile, and number of teeth to ensure proper engagement and smooth operation.

7. Certification and Standards: In certain industries, compliance with specific certifications or standards may be required. Consider whether the roller chain meets industry-specific requirements such as ISO, ANSI, or industry-specific regulations.

8. Cost and Availability: Evaluate the cost and availability of the roller chain, including factors such as initial purchase price, long-term maintenance costs, and the availability of spare parts or replacement chains.

By carefully considering these factors and consulting with experts or manufacturers, you can select the most suitable roller chain for your specific application, ensuring reliable and efficient power transmission.

roller chain

Can roller chains be used for power transmission in pumps and compressors?

Yes, roller chains can be used for power transmission in pumps and compressors. Here’s a detailed answer to the question:

1. Power Transmission: Roller chains are widely used in various industries for transmitting power between rotating components. In pumps and compressors, roller chains can efficiently transfer power from the motor to the impeller or compressor wheel, enabling the pumping or compression action.

2. Versatility: Roller chains are available in different sizes, pitches, and configurations, making them suitable for various power transmission requirements. They can accommodate a wide range of power levels and speeds, allowing pumps and compressors to operate effectively in different applications and conditions.

3. Load Handling: Pumps and compressors typically involve dynamic loads due to the movement of fluids and gases. Roller chains are designed to handle these dynamic loads effectively. The multiple rollers and pins in the chain distribute the load evenly, minimizing stress concentrations and ensuring smooth power transmission.

4. Durability: Roller chains are known for their durability and resistance to wear. They are designed to withstand demanding operating conditions, including high speeds, fluctuating loads, and exposure to contaminants. Proper lubrication and maintenance further enhance their longevity and reliability in pump and compressor applications.

5. Easy Installation and Maintenance: Roller chains offer ease of installation and maintenance. They can be easily installed, adjusted, and tensioned to ensure proper alignment and operation. Routine maintenance tasks such as lubrication and inspection can help optimize chain performance and identify any potential issues.

It’s important to select the appropriate roller chain based on the specific requirements of the pump or compressor, considering factors such as power transmission capacity, speed, load characteristics, and environmental conditions. Regular inspection and maintenance are crucial to ensure optimal performance and to detect any signs of wear or damage that may require replacement or repair.

roller chain

How do roller chains handle misalignment between sprockets?

Roller chains are designed to accommodate a certain degree of misalignment between sprockets. Here’s a detailed answer to the question:

1. Side-Bending Capability: One of the key features of roller chains is their side-bending capability. The chain links have some flexibility, allowing them to articulate and adapt to slight misalignments between the sprockets. This flexibility helps maintain proper engagement between the chain and the sprockets, even if they are not perfectly aligned.

2. Articulating Pins and Bushings: Roller chains consist of pins and bushings that connect the chain links. These pins and bushings allow for rotational movement and articulation, enabling the chain to adjust to the misalignment between the sprockets. This ensures that the chain remains engaged with the sprockets and continues to transmit power effectively.

3. Chain Tension Adjustment: Misalignment between sprockets can cause variations in chain tension along the length of the chain. Roller chains typically have provisions for adjusting the chain tension, allowing for compensation of any slack or tight spots caused by misalignment. Proper tension adjustment helps maintain the chain’s engagement with the sprockets and ensures smooth power transmission.

4. Chain Guides and Tensioners: In cases where misalignment is more pronounced or persistent, chain guides and tensioners can be used to help guide the chain and maintain proper alignment. These components provide additional support and control the lateral movement of the chain, minimizing the effects of misalignment.

While roller chains can handle a certain amount of misalignment, it is important to note that excessive or prolonged misalignment can lead to increased wear, premature fatigue, and reduced chain life. Therefore, it is recommended to minimize misalignment as much as possible and regularly inspect and maintain the alignment of the sprockets to ensure optimal performance and longevity of the roller chain.

China Professional Gearbox Transmission Belt Parts Attachment Products 15 a Series Short Pitch Precision Simplex Roller Chains and Bush Chains for Agriculture  China Professional Gearbox Transmission Belt Parts Attachment Products 15 a Series Short Pitch Precision Simplex Roller Chains and Bush Chains for Agriculture
editor by CX 2023-09-07

China factory Motorcycle Parts Martin Gearbox Short-Pitch 36A-2 Precision Industrial Machinery Roller Chains for Car Parking and Excavator with Great quality

ProductDescription

BasicInfo

ANSINO:

a hundred and eighty-2R

DIN/ISONO:

36A-two

Pitch(mm):

fifty seven.1500

RollerDiameter(mm):

35.seventy one

InnerPlate Width  (mm):

35.forty eight

AverageTensileStrength:

722.2KN

PinDiameter(mm):

17.forty six

PlateThickness(mm):

seven.twenty

Bodyweight/Meter (kgs/m):

13.45

ChainSize:

5F,10F,5Meters

Origin:

HangZhouChina

HSCode:

7315119000

one.Providing10seriesmorethan8000modelsofchains,Heavydutyengineeringchains,oilfieldchains,heavyduty portcranechains,metallurgyconveyorchains,ultra-hightensionescalatorchains,miningchains,and many others,and customizedsolutions. 

2.Morethan80%ofourrollerchainareexportedtoallovertheworld,Weareservingcustomersoftop5ofworldfamousmanufacturers,andmorethan90%ofourturnoverarefromthecooperationwiththemanufacturersintheworld.  

3.Havingadvancedonlineinspectionforautomaticassemblylines.  

four.HavingnationlevelEnterpriseTechnologyCenter, wecostnolessthan13%ofourannualturnoverinvestmentinR&D eachyear.

five.HavingourownStandardizationManagementCommitteeinourcompany,andparticipatedintheformulationandmodificationoftherollerchainstandardsofthePeople’sRepublicofChina.

SMCCrollerchainisoneofthemostwidelyusedandwelcomeproductsinthemarket.Itscontinuousinnovativedevelopmentissuitabletobethesolutionsformanyconditions,standardrollerchains,motorcycledrivingchain,O-ringmotorcyclechain,highstrengthrollerchain,conveyorchains,agriculturaldrivingchain,galvanizedchain,nickel-platedchain,lubrication-freecZheJiang doilfieldchainetc
OurSMCCchainwasproducedbymachineryprocessingfromrawmaterialstofinishedproductsanda fullsetofqualitytestingequipment.Mechanicalprocessingequipmentincludegrindingmachines,highspeedpunchingmachines,millingmachines,highspeedautomaticrollingandassemblingmachine.Heattreatmentwasprocessedbycontinuousmeshbeltconveyorfurnace,meshbeltconveyorannealingfurnace,advancedcentralcontrolsystemofheattreatment,rotaryfurnaceforchaincomponentheattreatment,whichensurethestabilityandconsistencyofthekeyfunctionofchaincomponents.
WearethebestsuppliersofChineselargestpalletizingrobotenterprises.Theseitemsaredurablequalitywithaffordableprices,replaceofJapanchains,ZheJiang chainsexportedtoEurope,America,Asiaandothercountriesandregions.
WorkshopShow

 

 

ROLLERCHAIN

Rollerchainorbushrollerchainisthetypeofchaindrivemostcommonlyusedfortransmissionofmechanicalpoweronmanykindsofdomestic,industrialandagriculturalmachinery,includingconveyors,wire-andtube-drawingmachines,printingpresses,automobiles,motorcycles,andbicycles.Itconsistsofa seriesofshortcylindricalrollersheldtogetherbysidelinks.Itisdrivenbya toothedwheelcalleda sprocket.Itisa simple,trustworthy,andefficientmeansofpowertransmission.

CONSTRUCTIONOFTHECHAIN

Twodifferentsizesofrollerchain,showingconstruction.
Therearetwotypesoflinksalternatinginthebushrollerchain.Thefirsttypeisinnerlinks,havingtwoinnerplatesheldtogetherbytwosleevesorbushingsuponwhichrotatetworollers.Innerlinksalternatewiththesecondtype,theouterlinks,consistingoftwoouterplatesheldtogetherbypinspassingthroughthebushingsoftheinnerlinks.The”bushingless”rollerchainissimilarinoperationthoughnotinconstructioninsteadofseparatebushingsorsleevesholdingtheinnerplatestogether,theplatehasa tubestampedintoitprotrudingfromtheholewhichservesthesamepurpose.Thishastheadvantageofremovingonestepinassemblyofthechain.

Therollerchaindesignreducesfrictioncomparedtosimplerdesigns,resultinginhigherefficiencyandlesswear.Theoriginalpowertransmissionchainvarietieslackedrollersandbushings,withboththeinnerandouterplatesheldbypinswhichdirectlycontactedthesprocketteethhoweverthisconfigurationexhibitedextremelyrapidwearofboththesprocketteeth,andtheplateswheretheypivotedonthepins.Thisproblemwaspartiallysolvedbythedevelopmentofbushedchains,withthepinsholdingtheouterplatespassingthroughbushingsorsleevesconnectingtheinnerplates.Thisdistributedthewearovera greaterareahowevertheteethofthesprocketsstillworemorerapidlythanisdesirable,fromtheslidingfrictionagainstthebushings.TheadditionofrollerssurroundingthebushingsleevesofthecZheJiang dprovidedrollingcontactwiththeteethofthesprocketsresultinginexcellentresistancetowearofbothsprocketsandchainaswell.Thereisevenverylowfriction,aslongasthechainissufficientlylubricated.Constant,thoroughly clean,lubricationofrollerchainsisofprimaryimportanceforefficientoperationaswellascorrecttensioning.

LUBRICATION

Manydrivingchains(forexample,infactoryequipment,ordrivinga camshaftinsideaninternalcombustionengine)operateincleanenvironments,andthusthewearingsurfaces(thatis,thepinsandbushings)aresafefromprecipitationandairbornegrit,manyevenina sealedenvironmentsuchasanoilbath.Somerollerchainsaredesignedtohaveo-ringsbuiltintothespacebetweentheoutsidelinkplateandtheinsiderollerlinkplates.Chainmanufacturersbegantoincludethisfeaturein1971aftertheapplicationwasinventedbyJosephMontanowhileworkingforWhitneyChainofHartford,Connecticut.O-ringswereincludedasa waytoimprovelubricationtothelinksofpowertransmissionchains,a servicethatisvitallyimportanttoextendingtheirworkinglife.Theserubberfixturesforma barrierthatholdsfactoryappliedlubricatinggreaseinsidethepinandbushingwearareas.More,therubbero-ringspreventdirtandothercontaminantsfromenteringinsidethechainlinkages,wheresuchparticleswouldotherwisecausesignificantwear.[citationneeded]

Therearealsomanychainsthathavetooperateindirtyconditions,andforsizeoroperationalreasonscannotbesealed.Examplesincludechainsonfarmequipment,bicycles,andchainsaws.Thesechainswillnecessarilyhaverelativelyhighratesofwear,particularlywhentheoperatorsarepreparedtoacceptmorefriction,lessefficiency,morenoiseandmorefrequentreplacementastheyneglectlubricationandadjustment.

Manyoil-basedlubricantsattractdirtandotherparticles,eventuallyforminganabrasivepastethatwillcompoundwearonchains.Thisproblemcanbecircumventedbyuseofa “dry”PTFEspray,whichformsa solidfilmafterapplicationandrepelsbothparticlesandmoisture.

VARIANTSDESIGN

Layoutofa rollerchain:1.Outerplate,2.Innerplate,3.Pin,4.Bushing,5.Roller
Ifthechainisnotbeingusedfora highwearapplication(forinstanceifitisjusttransmittingmotionfroma hand-operatedlevertoa controlshaftona machine,ora slidingdooronanoven),thenoneofthesimplertypesofchainmaystillbeused.Conversely,whereextrastrengthbutthesmoothdriveofa smallerpitchisrequired,thechainmaybe”siamesed”insteadofjusttworowsofplatesontheoutersidesofthechain,theremaybethree(“duplex”),4(“triplex”),ormorerowsofplatesrunningparallel,withbushingsandrollersbetweeneachadjacentpair,andthesamenumberofrowsofteethrunninginparallelonthesprocketstomatch.Timingchainsonautomotiveengines,forexample,typicallyhavemultiplerowsofplatescalledstrands.

Rollerchainismadeinseveralsizes,themostcommonAmericanNationalStandardsInstitute(ANSI)standardsbeing40,50,sixty,and80.Thefirstdigit(s)indicatethepitchofthechainineighthsofaninch,withthelastdigitbeing0 forstandardchain,1 forlightweightchain,and5 forbushedchainwithnorollers.As a result,a chainwithhalf-inchpitchwouldbea #40whilea #160sprocketwouldhaveteethspaced2 inchesapart,and many others.Metricpitchesareexpressedinsixteenthsofaninchthusa metric#8chain(08B-1)wouldbeequivalenttoanANSI#40.Mostrollerchainismadefromplaincarbonoralloysteel,butstainlesssteelisusedinfoodprocessingmachineryorotherplaceswherelubricationisa problem,andnylonorbrassareoccasionallyseenforthesamereason.

Rollerchainisordinarilyhookedupusinga masterlink(alsoknownasa connectinglink),whichtypicallyhasonepinheldbya horseshoeclipratherthanfrictionfit,allowingittobeinsertedorremovedwithsimpletools.Chainwitha removablelinkorpinisalsoknownascotteredchain,whichallowsthelengthofthechaintobeadjusted.Halflinks(alsoknownasoffsets)areavailableandareusedtoincreasethelengthofthechainbya singleroller.Rivetedrollerchainhasthemasterlink(alsoknownasa connectinglink)”riveted”ormashedontheends.Thesepinsaremadetobedurableandarenotremovable.

USE

Anexampleoftwo’ghost’sprocketstensioninga triplexrollerchainsystem
Rollerchainsareusedinlow-tomid-speeddrivesataround600to800feetperminutehowever,athigherspeeds,around2,000to3,000feetperminute,V-beltsarenormallyusedduetowearandnoiseissues.
Abicyclechainisa formofrollerchain.Bicyclechainsmayhavea masterlink,ormayrequirea chaintoolforremovalandinstallation.A similarbutlargerandthusstrongerchainisusedonmostmotorcyclesalthoughitissometimesreplacedbyeithera toothedbeltora shaftdrive,whichofferlowernoiselevelandfewermaintenancerequirements.
Thegreatmajorityofautomobileenginesuserollerchainstodrivethecamshaft(s).Veryhighperformanceenginesoftenusegeardrive,andstartingintheearly1960stoothedbeltswereusedbysomemanufacturers.
Chainsarealsousedinforkliftsusinghydraulicramsasa pulleytoraiseandlowerthecarriagehowever,thesechainsarenotconsideredrollerchains,butareclassifiedasliftorleafchains.
Chainsawcuttingchainssuperficiallyresemblerollerchainsbutaremorecloselyrelatedtoleafchains.Theyaredrivenbyprojectingdrivelinkswhichalsoservetolocatethechainontothebar.

SeaHarrierFA.2ZA195front(cold)vectorthrustnozzle- thenozzleisrotatedbya chaindrivefromanairmotor
Aperhapsunusualuseofa pairofmotorcyclechainsisintheHarrierJumpJet,wherea chaindrivefromanairmotorisusedtorotatethemovableenginenozzles,allowingthemtobepointeddownwardsforhoveringflight,ortotherearfornormalforwardflight,a systemknownasThrustvectoring.

Use

 

Theeffectofwearona rollerchainistoincreasethepitch(spacingofthelinks),causingthechaintogrowlonger.Notethatthisisduetowearatthepivotingpinsandbushes,notfromactualstretchingofthemetal(asdoeshappentosomeflexiblesteelcomponentssuchasthehand-brakecableofa motorvehicle).

Withmodernchainsitisunusualfora chain(otherthanthatofa bicycle)towearuntilitbreaks,sincea wornchainleadstotherapidonsetofwearontheteethofthesprockets,withultimatefailurebeingthelossofalltheteethonthesprocket.Thesprockets(inparticularthesmallerofthetwo)suffera grindingmotionthatputsa characteristichookshapeintothedrivenfaceoftheteeth.(Thiseffectismadeworsebya chainimproperlytensioned,butisunavoidablenomatterwhatcareistaken).Thewornteeth(andchain)nolongerprovidessmoothtransmissionofpowerandthismaybecomeevidentfromthenoise,thevibrationor(incarenginesusinga timingchain)thevariationinignitiontimingseenwitha timinglight.Bothsprocketsandchainshouldbereplacedinthesecases,sincea newchainonwornsprocketswillnotlastlong.Nonetheless,inlessseverecasesitmaybepossibletosavethelargerofthetwosprockets,sinceitisalwaysthesmalleronethatsuffersthemostwear.Onlyinverylight-weightapplicationssuchasa bicycle,orinextremecasesofimpropertension,willthechainnormallyjumpoffthesprockets.

Thelengtheningduetowearofa chainiscalculatedbythefollowingformula:

M= thelengthofa numberoflinksmeasured

S= thenumberoflinksmeasured

P= Pitch

Inindustry,itisusualtomonitorthemovementofthechaintensioner(whethermanualorautomatic)ortheexactlengthofa drivechain(oneruleofthumbistoreplacea rollerchainwhichhaselongated3%onanadjustabledriveor1.5%ona fixed-centerdrive).A simplermethod,particularlysuitableforthecycleormotorcycleuser,istoattempttopullthechainawayfromthelargerofthetwosprockets,whilstensuringthechainistaut.Anysignificantmovement(e.g.makingitpossibletoseethrougha gap)probablyindicatesa chainwornuptoandbeyondthelimit.Sprocketdamagewillresultiftheproblemisignored.Sprocketwearcancelsthiseffect,andmaymaskchainwear.

CHAINSTRENGTH

Themostcommonmeasureofrollerchain’sstrengthistensilestrength.Tensilestrengthrepresentshowmuchloada chaincanwithstandundera one-timeloadbeforebreaking.Justasimportantastensilestrengthisa chain’sfatiguestrength.Thecriticalfactorsina chain’sfatiguestrengthisthequalityofsteelusedtomanufacturethechain,theheattreatmentofthechaincomponents,thequalityofthepitchholefabricationofthelinkplates,andthetypeofshotplustheintensityofshotpeencoverageonthelinkplates.Otherfactorscanincludethethicknessofthelinkplatesandthedesign(contour)ofthelinkplates.Theruleofthumbforrollerchainoperatingona continuousdriveisforthechainloadtonotexceeda mere1/6or1/9ofthechain’stensilestrength,dependingonthetypeofmasterlinksused(press-fitvs.slip-in shape)[citationneeded].Rollerchainsoperatingona continuousdrivebeyondthesethresholdscanandtypicallydofailprematurelyvialinkplatefatiguefailure.

ThestandardminimumultimatestrengthoftheANSI29.1steelchainis12,500x (pitch,ininches)2.X-ringandO-Ringchainsgreatlydecreasewearbymeansofinternallubricants,increasingchainlife.Theinternallubricationisinsertedbymeansofa vacuumwhenrivetingthechaintogether.

CHAINSTHangZhouRDS

Standardsorganizations(suchasANSIandISO)maintainstandardsfordesign,dimensions,andinterchangeabilityoftransmissionchains.Forexample,thefollowingTableshowsdatafromANSIstandardB29.1-2011(PrecisionPowerTransmissionRollerChains,Attachments,andSprockets)developedbytheAmericanSocietyofMechanicalEngineers(ASME).Seethereferences[8][9][ten] foradditionalinformation.

ASME/ANSIB29.1-2011RollerChainStandardSizesSizePitchMaximumRollerDiameterMinimumUltimateTensileStrengthMeasuringLoad25

ASME/ANSIB29.1-2011RollerChainStandardSizes Dimensions Pitch MaximumRollerDiameter MinimumUltimateTensileStrength MeasuringLoad twenty five .250in(6.35mm) .130in(3.30mm) 780lb(350kg) 18lb(8.2kg) 35 .375in(9.53mm) .200in(5.08mm) one,760lb(800kg) 18lb(8.2kg) forty one .500in(12.70mm) .306in(7.77mm) 1,500lb(680kg) 18lb(8.2kg) forty .500in(12.70mm) .312in(7.92mm) three,125lb(1,417kg) 31lb(14kg) 50 .625in(15.88mm) .400in(10.16mm) four,880lb(2,210kg) 49lb(22kg) 60 .750in(19.05mm) .469in(eleven.91mm) seven,030lb(3,190kg) 70lb(32kg) eighty 1.000in(twenty five.40mm) .625in(15.88mm) 12,500lb(5,700kg) 125lb(57kg) a hundred 1.250in(31.75mm) .750in(19.05mm) 19,531lb(8,859kg) 195lb(88kg) 120 1.500in(38.10mm) .875in(22.23mm) 28,125lb(12,757kg) 281lb(127kg) one hundred forty 1.750in(44.45mm) 1.000in(25.40mm) 38,280lb(17,360kg) 383lb(174kg) a hundred and sixty two.000in(fifty.80mm) 1.125in(28.58mm) 50,000lb(23,000kg) 500lb(230kg) a hundred and eighty 2.250in(fifty seven.15mm) one.460in(37.08mm) sixty three,280lb(28,700kg) 633lb(287kg) two hundred 2.500in(63.50mm) one.562in(39.67mm) 78,175lb(35,460kg) 781lb(354kg) 240 3.000in(76.20mm) 1.875in(forty seven.63mm) 112,500lb(fifty one,000kg) one,000lb(450kg

Formnemonicpurposes,belowisanotherpresentationofkeydimensionsfromthesamestandard,expressedinfractionsofaninch(whichwaspartofthethinkingbehindthechoiceofpreferrednumbersintheANSIstandard):

Pitch(inches) Pitchexpressed
ineighths ANSIstandard
chainnumber Width(inches) onefour two8 2five 1eight threeeight 38 three5 3sixteen one2 4eight fourone 1four one2 four8 four fivesixteen 58 five8 5 38 threefour six8 6 one2 1 8eight 8 58

Notes:
1.Thepitchisthedistancebetweenrollercenters.Thewidthisthedistancebetweenthelinkplates(i.e.slightlymorethantherollerwidthtoallowforclearance).
two.Theright-handdigitofthestandarddenotes0 =normalchain,1 =lightweightchain,5 =rollerlessbushingchain.
three.Theleft-handdigitdenotesthenumberofeighthsofaninchthatmakeupthepitch.
4.An”H”followingthestandardnumberdenotesheavyweightchain.A hyphenatednumberfollowingthestandardnumberdenotesdouble-strand(2),triple-strand(3),andsoon.Thus60H-3denotesnumber60heavyweighttriple-strandchain.
 Atypicalbicyclechain(forderailleurgears)usesnarrow1⁄2-inch-pitchchain.Thewidthofthechainisvariable,anddoesnotaffecttheloadcapacity.Themoresprocketsattherearwheel(historically3-6,nowadays7-12sprockets),thenarrowerthechain.Chainsaresoldaccordingtothenumberofspeedstheyaredesignedtoworkwith,forexample,”10speedchain”.Hubgearorsinglespeedbicyclesuse1/2″x 1/8″chains,where1/8″referstothemaximumthicknessofa sprocketthatcanbeusedwiththechain.

Typicallychainswithparallelshapedlinkshaveanevennumberoflinks,witheachnarrowlinkfollowedbya broadone.Chainsbuiltupwitha uniformtypeoflink,narrowatoneandbroadattheotherend,canbemadewithanoddnumberoflinks,whichcanbeanadvantagetoadapttoa specialchainwheel-distanceontheothersidesucha chaintendstobenotsostrong.

RollerchainsmadeusingISOstandardaresometimescalledasisochains.

 

WHYCHOOSEUS 

one.ReliableQualityAssuranceSystem
two.Reducing-EdgeComputer-ControlledCNCMachines
three.BespokeSolutionsfromHighlyExperiencedSpecialists
four.CustomizationandOEMAvailableforSpecificApplication
five.ExtensiveInventoryofSparePartsandAccessories
6.Effectively-DevelopedWorldwideMarketingNetwork
7.EfficientAfter-SaleServiceSystem

 

The219setsofadvancedautomaticproductionequipmentprovideguaranteesforhighproductquality.The167engineersandtechnicianswithseniorprofessionaltitlescandesignanddevelopproductstomeettheexactdemandsofcustomers,andOEMcustomizationsarealsoavailablewithus.Oursoundglobalservicenetworkcanprovidecustomerswithtimelyafter-salestechnicalservices.

Wearenotjustamanufacturerandsupplier,butalsoanindustryconsultant.Weworkpro-activelywithyoutoofferexpertadviceandproductrecommendationsinordertoendupwithamostcosteffectiveproductavailableforyourspecificapplication.TheclientsweserveworldwiderangefromenduserstodistributorsandOEMs.OurOEMreplacementscanbesubstitutedwherevernecessaryandsuitableforbothrepairandnewassemblies.

 

 

 
 
   

push chain kind

Push chains are utilized in a variety of industrial purposes. As opposed to roller chains, which are more successful in conditions of fat and dimensions, generate chains slide on metal guides. Push chains are typically used for soiled work. Here’s what you want to know about the numerous types of generate chains. In this post, we’ll seem at pin chains, engineered steel chains, bushing roller chains, and timing chains. These types are the most frequent and the most typically utilized.

time chain

There are several aspects to consider when deciding which generate chain to acquire. What matters is how long the chain will last, as the timing chain will stretch more than time. Even so, they are pre-stretched throughout manufacture to decrease the chance of stretching. Timing chains can also be noisy when compared to toothed belt drives, but rails and chain tensioners can reduce this dilemma. Timing chains also wear slower than belts, reducing fix fees.
Timing chains demand minor servicing compared to belt drives. When properly lubricated, timing chains call for small servicing. The only routine maintenance actually necessary is examining the motor oil degree and subsequent the manufacturer’s suggested services intervals. Timing chains of generate chains are also safer than belt drives and can be hazardous if the toothed belt tears. Also, the timing chain only demands minor repairs and replacements. Garages can acquire total timing chain kits that contain all the components necessary for repairs.
Travel chains can be geared up with roller chains or timing chains, relying on the load on the motor. The type of the timing chain depends on the kind of motor utilized. Nevertheless, the roller chain is the most frequent selection due to its large energy and NVH properties. The roller chain has two tabs pressed into the eyes, and two rollers over them. These elements function jointly to increase engine overall performance.
Many contemporary autos use timing chains. Timing gears synchronize the camshaft and crankshaft so that the valves open and close at the appropriate moments. This is vital to the working high quality, energy output, and fuel intake of the engine. The timing chain also lowers the quantity of air pollution emitted by the motor vehicle. In excess of the past two decades, a lot of OEMs have turned to time chains for OHC/DOHC engines.
chain

pin chain

Metal pivot chains attribute open up barrels to decrease blocking and substance buildup. These chains are made for electrical power transmission and transportation applications, typically utilized in agricultural applications. They can be custom made welded using specialized components. These chains can be employed in agricultural, industrial and municipal programs. This is a closer search at each and every. Read on to understand about the advantages of metal pivot chains.
The Prolonged Pitch Course 700 Pivot Chain is a adaptable chain for conveying and lifting merchandise. Its T-head pins fit snugly so dust does not get into the pin holes. It is also constructed with a closed bearing composition to avoid elongation owing to dress in. Metal pivot chains are designed for substantial fatigue programs and are versatile.

Engineering Metal Chain

Engineered steel travel chain provides optimum energy transfer while minimizing bodyweight. Engineering chains are usually utilised for challenging oil drilling functions. Made for durability and restricted tolerances, these chains can be utilised in a assortment of industrial equipment. Regardless of whether you need to carry weighty objects or keep a good deal of things, engineered metal chains will do the occupation. Study on to understand a lot more about the benefits of engineering chains.
Engineered steel chains consist of links or pin joints with massive gaps in between the factors. The substance of these chains is created to take care of abrasives. Whilst a lot of of these chains are utilised as conveyors, some are developed for drives. You can find these chains on conveyors, forklifts, bucket elevators, oil rigs and much more. To get the most out of them, they must be in a position to endure the electricity created by the prime mover.
The chain can endure substantial tensile stresses and is ductile enough to face up to fatigue. The heart-to-centre length among the chain and sprockets is in between 30% and fifty% of the pitch. On smaller sprockets, the arc of speak to between the tooth and chain must be at minimum a hundred and twenty levels. The resistance of the chain push is dependent on the use environment, like vibration, sounds, tiredness energy and other aspects.
There are several types of engineering steel push chains, each and every with a various perform. The most typically used sort is the elevator. Its carry system raises and lowers the carriage. Most cranes are hooked up to the load with hooks. Another variety of chain is the oval link. Its links are welded and the sprocket has receivers for every single url. It is used in minimal velocity purposes for elevators, chain hoists and anchors in offshore operations.

Bushing Roller Chain

Typically, a bushing roller chain as a generate chain is composed of two hyperlink assemblies. The inner url consists of two plates held jointly by two sleeves, whilst the outer link consists of two plates related by pins that go via the inner link. Even so, there are some variances in between bushing roller chains. The main variation is the kind of hyperlink and the quantity of lubrication necessary. If you want to understand more about bushing roller chains, maintain looking through.
Whilst roller chains are usually more powerful and much more sturdy than bushing chains, they are not immune to put on. In the course of the driving cycle, they lengthen and endure a method referred to as articulation. The rate at which they elongate is dependent on the lubrication and load applied to them. The frequency of pin and bushing articulation is also essential. Like other put on components, the manufacture of vital use elements calls for close attention to element to make sure ideal performance. Correct uncooked content variety, part fabrication, and assembly are essential aspects in reaching optimum functionality. Improperly ready components can affect wear daily life and functionality.
Consider your software and load distribution when selecting a bushing roller chain as your push chain. The length of the chain should be in between 30 and fifty moments its pitch. The arc of contact among the little sprocket teeth should be at the very least 120 degrees. The resistance of the push chain depends on the usage environment, which will figure out its exhaustion energy and vibration level. It is a very good thought to check out the chain duration prior to selecting to change it.
chain

flat top chain

The TSplus flat top drive chain is the most adaptable conveying medium on the market place right now. They can be linked end-to-end to produce prolonged conveyor lines. The facet bend design and style allows it to be employed with a range of conveyor kinds like inline, snake, and carousel conveyors. These chains are accessible in a assortment of measurements, ranging in width from 3 ft to twenty ft.
A assortment of resources are accessible for flat-leading chains, such as steel and plastic. Steel chains are best for applications requiring put on resistance. They are durable and nicely created. Plastic chains are notably resilient, but not appropriate for harsh environments. Stainless metal flat best chains are suited for a variety of apps, and some companies make them from stainless metal or even aluminum. If your application needs a durable flat leading chain, decide on a chain made from iwis hardened stainless metal.
An additional kind of flat-top travel chain is the facet bend chain. Appropriate for flexible machinery demanding productive conveying. It is outfitted with a solitary hinge pin or double hinge pin. Possibly choice will do, but each and every hinge pin has its benefits. Solitary hinge pin chains are suited for scaled-down light-duty conveyors, even though double hinge pins are a lot more appropriate for medium and large-responsibility apps.
CZPT is a modular flat top chain conveyor program. Its standardized elements and modules can be simply built-in into any production procedure. And since it really is a one monitor, you can lengthen or shorten it as essential. Its adaptable style helps make it appropriate with other conveyor techniques such as belts and sprockets. This monorail modular design and style permits method lengths up to 40 meters and is compatible with other conveyor programs.

China factory Motorcycle Parts Martin Gearbox Short-Pitch 36A-2 Precision Industrial Equipment Roller Chains for Car Parking and Excavator     with Excellent top quality