Tag Archives: short pitch transmission bush chains

China factory Gearbox Transmission Belt Parts Attachment Products 15 a Series Short Pitch Precision Simplex Roller Chains and Bush Chains for Agriculture

Product Description

A Series Short pitch Precision Simplex Roller Chains & Bush Chains

ISO/ANSI/ DIN
Chain No.
China
Chain No.
Pitch
P
mm
Roller diameter

d1max
mm

Width between inner plates
b1min
mm
Pin diameter

d2max
mm

Pin length Inner plate depth
h2max
mm
 Plate  thickness

Tmax
 mm

Tensile strength

Qmin
kN/lbf

Average tensile strength
Q0
kN
Weight per meter
q  
 kg/m
Lmax
mm
Lcmax
mm
15 *03C 4.7625 2.48 2.38 1.62 6.10 6.90 4.30 0.60 1.80/409 2.0 0.08

*Bush chain:d1 in the table indicates the external diameter of the bush

ROLLER CHAIN

Roller chain or bush roller chain is the type of chain drive most commonly used for transmission of mechanical power on many kinds of domestic, industrial and agricultural machinery, including conveyors, wire- and tube-drawing machines, printing presses, cars, motorcycles, and bicycles. It consists of a series of short cylindrical rollers held together by side links. It is driven by a toothed wheel called a sprocket. It is a simple, reliable, and efficient means of power transmission.

CONSTRUCTION OF THE CHAIN

Two different sizes of roller chain, showing construction.
There are 2 types of links alternating in the bush roller chain. The first type is inner links, having 2 inner plates held together by 2 sleeves or bushings CHINAMFG which rotate 2 rollers. Inner links alternate with the second type, the outer links, consisting of 2 outer plates held together by pins passing through the bushings of the inner links. The “bushingless” roller chain is similar in operation though not in construction; instead of separate bushings or sleeves holding the inner plates together, the plate has a tube stamped into it protruding from the hole which serves the same purpose. This has the advantage of removing 1 step in assembly of the chain.

The roller chain design reduces friction compared to simpler designs, resulting in higher efficiency and less wear. The original power transmission chain varieties lacked rollers and bushings, with both the inner and outer plates held by pins which directly contacted the sprocket teeth; however this configuration exhibited extremely rapid wear of both the sprocket teeth, and the plates where they pivoted on the pins. This problem was partially solved by the development of bushed chains, with the pins holding the outer plates passing through bushings or sleeves connecting the inner plates. This distributed the wear over a greater area; however the teeth of the sprockets still wore more rapidly than is desirable, from the sliding friction against the bushings. The addition of rollers surrounding the bushing sleeves of the chain and provided rolling contact with the teeth of the sprockets resulting in excellent resistance to wear of both sprockets and chain as well. There is even very low friction, as long as the chain is sufficiently lubricated. Continuous, clean, lubrication of roller chains is of primary importance for efficient operation as well as correct tensioning.

LUBRICATION

Many driving chains (for example, in factory equipment, or driving a camshaft inside an internal combustion engine) operate in clean environments, and thus the wearing surfaces (that is, the pins and bushings) are safe from precipitation and airborne grit, many even in a sealed environment such as an oil bath. Some roller chains are designed to have o-rings built into the space between the outside link plate and the inside roller link plates. Chain manufacturers began to include this feature in 1971 after the application was invented by Joseph Montano while working for Whitney Chain of Hartford, Connecticut. O-rings were included as a way to improve lubrication to the links of power transmission chains, a service that is vitally important to extending their working life. These rubber fixtures form a barrier that holds factory applied lubricating grease inside the pin and bushing wear areas. Further, the rubber o-rings prevent dirt and other contaminants from entering inside the chain linkages, where such particles would otherwise cause significant wear.[citation needed]

There are also many chains that have to operate in dirty conditions, and for size or operational reasons cannot be sealed. Examples include chains on farm equipment, bicycles, and chain saws. These chains will necessarily have relatively high rates of wear, particularly when the operators are prepared to accept more friction, less efficiency, more noise and more frequent replacement as they neglect lubrication and adjustment.

Many oil-based lubricants attract dirt and other particles, eventually forming an CHINAMFG paste that will compound wear on chains. This problem can be circumvented by use of a “dry” PTFE spray, which forms a solid film after application and repels both particles and moisture.

VARIANTS DESIGN

Layout of a roller chain: 1. Outer plate, 2. Inner plate, 3. Pin, 4. Bushing, 5. Roller
If the chain is not being used for a high wear application (for instance if it is just transmitting motion from a hand-operated lever to a control shaft on a machine, or a sliding door on an oven), then 1 of the simpler types of chain may still be used. Conversely, where extra strength but the smooth drive of a smaller pitch is required, the chain may be “siamesed”; instead of just 2 rows of plates on the outer sides of the chain, there may be 3 (“duplex”), 4 (“triplex”), or more rows of plates running parallel, with bushings and rollers between each adjacent pair, and the same number of rows of teeth running in parallel on the sprockets to match. Timing chains on automotive engines, for example, typically have multiple rows of plates called strands.

Roller chain is made in several sizes, the most common American National Standards Institute (ANSI) standards being 40, 50, 60, and 80. The first digit(s) indicate the pitch of the chain in eighths of an inch, with the last digit being 0 for standard chain, 1 for lightweight chain, and 5 for bushed chain with no rollers. Thus, a chain with half-inch pitch would be a #40 while a #160 sprocket would have teeth spaced 2 inches apart, etc. Metric pitches are expressed in sixteenths of an inch; thus a metric #8 chain (08B-1) would be equivalent to an ANSI #40. Most roller chain is made from plain carbon or alloy steel, but stainless steel is used in food processing machinery or other places where lubrication is a problem, and nylon or brass are occasionally seen for the same reason.

Roller chain is ordinarily hooked up using a master link (also known as a connecting link), which typically has 1 pin held by a horseshoe clip rather than friction fit, allowing it to be inserted or removed with simple tools. Chain with a removable link or pin is also known as cottered chain, which allows the length of the chain to be adjusted. Half links (also known as offsets) are available and are used to increase the length of the chain by a single roller. Riveted roller chain has the master link (also known as a connecting link) “riveted” or mashed on the ends. These pins are made to be durable and are not removable.

USE

An example of 2 ‘ghost’ sprockets tensioning a triplex roller chain system
Roller chains are used in low- to mid-speed drives at around 600 to 800 feet per minute; however, at higher speeds, around 2,000 to 3,000 feet per minute, V-belts are normally used due to wear and noise issues.
A bicycle chain is a form of roller chain. Bicycle chains may have a master link, or may require a chain tool for removal and installation. A similar but larger and thus stronger chain is used on most motorcycles although it is sometimes replaced by either a toothed belt or a shaft drive, which offer lower noise level and fewer maintenance requirements.
The great majority of automobile engines use roller chains to drive the camshaft(s). Very high performance engines often use gear drive, and starting in the early 1960s toothed belts were used by some manufacturers.
Chains are also used in forklifts using hydraulic rams as a pulley to raise and lower the carriage; however, these chains are not considered roller chains, but are classified as lift or leaf chains.
Chainsaw cutting chains superficially resemble roller chains but are more closely related to leaf chains. They are driven by projecting drive links which also serve to locate the chain CHINAMFG the bar.

Sea Harrier FA.2 ZA195 front (cold) vector thrust nozzle – the nozzle is rotated by a chain drive from an air motor
A perhaps unusual use of a pair of motorcycle chains is in the Harrier Jump Jet, where a chain drive from an air motor is used to rotate the movable engine nozzles, allowing them to be pointed downwards for hovering flight, or to the rear for normal CHINAMFG flight, a system known as Thrust vectoring.

WEAR

 

The effect of wear on a roller chain is to increase the pitch (spacing of the links), causing the chain to grow longer. Note that this is due to wear at the pivoting pins and bushes, not from actual stretching of the metal (as does happen to some flexible steel components such as the hand-brake cable of a motor vehicle).

With modern chains it is unusual for a chain (other than that of a bicycle) to wear until it breaks, since a worn chain leads to the rapid onset of wear on the teeth of the sprockets, with ultimate failure being the loss of all the teeth on the sprocket. The sprockets (in particular the smaller of the two) suffer a grinding motion that puts a characteristic hook shape into the driven face of the teeth. (This effect is made worse by a chain improperly tensioned, but is unavoidable no matter what care is taken). The worn teeth (and chain) no longer provides smooth transmission of power and this may become evident from the noise, the vibration or (in car engines using a timing chain) the variation in ignition timing seen with a timing light. Both sprockets and chain should be replaced in these cases, since a new chain on worn sprockets will not last long. However, in less severe cases it may be possible to save the larger of the 2 sprockets, since it is always the smaller 1 that suffers the most wear. Only in very light-weight applications such as a bicycle, or in extreme cases of improper tension, will the chain normally jump off the sprockets.

The lengthening due to wear of a chain is calculated by the following formula:

M = the length of a number of links measured

S = the number of links measured

P = Pitch

In industry, it is usual to monitor the movement of the chain tensioner (whether manual or automatic) or the exact length of a drive chain (one rule of thumb is to replace a roller chain which has elongated 3% on an adjustable drive or 1.5% on a fixed-center drive). A simpler method, particularly suitable for the cycle or motorcycle user, is to attempt to pull the chain away from the larger of the 2 sprockets, whilst ensuring the chain is taut. Any significant movement (e.g. making it possible to see through a gap) probably indicates a chain worn up to and beyond the limit. Sprocket damage will result if the problem is ignored. Sprocket wear cancels this effect, and may mask chain wear.

CHAIN STRENGTH

The most common measure of roller chain’s strength is tensile strength. Tensile strength represents how much load a chain can withstand under a one-time load before breaking. Just as important as tensile strength is a chain’s fatigue strength. The critical factors in a chain’s fatigue strength is the quality of steel used to manufacture the chain, the heat treatment of the chain components, the quality of the pitch hole fabrication of the linkplates, and the type of shot plus the intensity of shot peen coverage on the linkplates. Other factors can include the thickness of the linkplates and the design (contour) of the linkplates. The rule of thumb for roller chain operating on a continuous drive is for the chain load to not exceed a mere 1/6 or 1/9 of the chain’s tensile strength, depending on the type of master links used (press-fit vs. slip-fit)[citation needed]. Roller chains operating on a continuous drive beyond these thresholds can and typically do fail prematurely via linkplate fatigue failure.

The standard minimum ultimate strength of the ANSI 29.1 steel chain is 12,500 x (pitch, in inches)2. X-ring and O-Ring chains greatly decrease wear by means of internal lubricants, increasing chain life. The internal lubrication is inserted by means of a vacuum when riveting the chain together.

CHAIN STHangZhouRDS

Standards organizations (such as ANSI and ISO) maintain standards for design, dimensions, and interchangeability of transmission chains. For example, the following Table shows data from ANSI standard B29.1-2011 (Precision Power Transmission Roller Chains, Attachments, and Sprockets) developed by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). See the references[8][9][10] for additional information.

ASME/ANSI B29.1-2011 Roller Chain Standard SizesSizePitchMaximum Roller DiameterMinimum Ultimate Tensile StrengthMeasuring Load25

ASME/ANSI B29.1-2011 Roller Chain Standard Sizes
Size Pitch Maximum Roller Diameter Minimum Ultimate Tensile Strength Measuring Load
25 0.250 in (6.35 mm) 0.130 in (3.30 mm) 780 lb (350 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
35 0.375 in (9.53 mm) 0.200 in (5.08 mm) 1,760 lb (800 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
41 0.500 in (12.70 mm) 0.306 in (7.77 mm) 1,500 lb (680 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
40 0.500 in (12.70 mm) 0.312 in (7.92 mm) 3,125 lb (1,417 kg) 31 lb (14 kg)
50 0.625 in (15.88 mm) 0.400 in (10.16 mm) 4,880 lb (2,210 kg) 49 lb (22 kg)
60 0.750 in (19.05 mm) 0.469 in (11.91 mm) 7,030 lb (3,190 kg) 70 lb (32 kg)
80 1.000 in (25.40 mm) 0.625 in (15.88 mm) 12,500 lb (5,700 kg) 125 lb (57 kg)
100 1.250 in (31.75 mm) 0.750 in (19.05 mm) 19,531 lb (8,859 kg) 195 lb (88 kg)
120 1.500 in (38.10 mm) 0.875 in (22.23 mm) 28,125 lb (12,757 kg) 281 lb (127 kg)
140 1.750 in (44.45 mm) 1.000 in (25.40 mm) 38,280 lb (17,360 kg) 383 lb (174 kg)
160 2.000 in (50.80 mm) 1.125 in (28.58 mm) 50,000 lb (23,000 kg) 500 lb (230 kg)
180 2.250 in (57.15 mm) 1.460 in (37.08 mm) 63,280 lb (28,700 kg) 633 lb (287 kg)
200 2.500 in (63.50 mm) 1.562 in (39.67 mm) 78,175 lb (35,460 kg) 781 lb (354 kg)
240 3.000 in (76.20 mm) 1.875 in (47.63 mm) 112,500 lb (51,000 kg) 1,000 lb (450 kg

For mnemonic purposes, below is another presentation of key dimensions from the same standard, expressed in fractions of an inch (which was part of the thinking behind the choice of preferred numbers in the ANSI standard):

Pitch (inches) Pitch expressed
in eighths
ANSI standard
chain number
Width (inches)
14 28 25 18
38 38 35 316
12 48 41 14
12 48 40 516
58 58 50 38
34 68 60 12
1 88 80 58

Notes:
1. The pitch is the distance between roller centers. The width is the distance between the link plates (i.e. slightly more than the roller width to allow for clearance).
2. The right-hand digit of the standard denotes 0 = normal chain, 1 = lightweight chain, 5 = rollerless bushing chain.
3. The left-hand digit denotes the number of eighths of an inch that make up the pitch.
4. An “H” following the standard number denotes heavyweight chain. A hyphenated number following the standard number denotes double-strand (2), triple-strand (3), and so on. Thus 60H-3 denotes number 60 heavyweight triple-strand chain.
 A typical bicycle chain (for derailleur gears) uses narrow 1⁄2-inch-pitch chain. The width of the chain is variable, and does not affect the load capacity. The more sprockets at the rear wheel (historically 3-6, nowadays 7-12 sprockets), the narrower the chain. Chains are sold according to the number of speeds they are designed to work with, for example, “10 speed chain”. Hub gear or single speed bicycles use 1/2″ x 1/8″ chains, where 1/8″ refers to the maximum thickness of a sprocket that can be used with the chain.

Typically chains with parallel shaped links have an even number of links, with each narrow link followed by a broad one. Chains built up with a uniform type of link, narrow at 1 and broad at the other end, can be made with an odd number of links, which can be an advantage to adapt to a special chainwheel-distance; on the other side such a chain tends to be not so strong.

Roller chains made using ISO standard are sometimes called as isochains.

 

WHY CHOOSE US 

1. Reliable Quality Assurance System
2. Cutting-Edge Computer-Controlled CNC Machines
3. Bespoke Solutions from Highly Experienced Specialists
4. Customization and OEM Available for Specific Application
5. Extensive Inventory of Spare Parts and Accessories
6. Well-Developed CHINAMFG Marketing Network
7. Efficient After-Sale Service System

 

The 219 sets of advanced automatic production equipment provide guarantees for high product quality. The 167 engineers and technicians with senior professional titles can design and develop products to meet the exact demands of customers, and OEM customizations are also available with us. Our sound global service network can provide customers with timely after-sales technical services.

We are not just a manufacturer and supplier, but also an industry consultant. We work pro-actively with you to offer expert advice and product recommendations in order to end up with a most cost effective product available for your specific application. The clients we serve CHINAMFG range from end users to distributors and OEMs. Our OEM replacements can be substituted wherever necessary and suitable for both repair and new assemblies.

 

 

 

 

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Standard or Nonstandard: Standard
Application: Textile Machinery, Garment Machinery, Conveyer Equipment, Packaging Machinery, Electric Cars, Motorcycle, Food Machinery, Marine, Mining Equipment, Agricultural Machinery, Car
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roller chain

Are there any special considerations for installing roller chains?

Proper installation of roller chains is crucial to ensure their optimal performance and longevity. Here are some key considerations for installing roller chains:

1. Alignment: Ensure proper alignment of the sprockets to prevent side loading and premature wear. The sprockets should be aligned parallel to each other and positioned at the correct distance according to the chain’s pitch.

2. Tension: Proper chain tension is essential for smooth operation and to prevent excessive wear. Follow the manufacturer’s recommendations for the appropriate tension based on the specific chain type and application. It’s important to achieve the correct tension without over-tightening, as excessive tension can lead to increased stress and accelerated wear.

3. Lubrication: Apply the appropriate lubricant to the roller chain during installation. Lubrication helps reduce friction, wear, and heat generation. Follow the manufacturer’s recommendations for the type and frequency of lubrication based on the operating conditions and chain design. Ensure even distribution of lubricant along the chain’s length.

4. Sprocket Teeth Engagement: Check that the chain properly engages with the teeth of the sprockets. The chain should fit snugly into the sprocket teeth without excessive clearance or interference. Incorrect engagement can cause slippage, uneven wear, and premature failure.

5. Chain Length: Ensure that the chain length is appropriate for the application. Avoid excessive slack or excessive tension by adjusting the chain length accordingly. An incorrectly sized chain can lead to poor performance, increased wear, and potential damage to the chain and sprockets.

6. Protection: Consider using chain guards or covers to protect the roller chain from external contaminants such as dust, dirt, or debris. This helps minimize wear and extends the chain’s lifespan, particularly in harsh or dirty environments.

7. Regular Inspection: Regularly inspect the roller chain and sprockets for signs of wear, damage, or misalignment. Monitor the chain’s performance and address any issues promptly to avoid further damage and prevent unexpected downtime.

8. Proper Tools and Techniques: Use appropriate tools and techniques during installation to ensure accuracy and prevent damage to the chain or components. Follow the manufacturer’s guidelines or consult with experts for specific installation instructions.

By following these considerations and best practices, you can ensure proper installation of roller chains and maximize their performance and durability in your application.

roller chain

What are the benefits of using a roller chain in printing machinery?

Roller chains offer several advantages when used in printing machinery. Here’s a detailed answer to the question:

1. High Strength and Durability: Roller chains are designed to withstand heavy loads and provide high tensile strength, making them suitable for the demanding requirements of printing machinery. They can efficiently transmit power and handle the stress and torque generated during the printing process.

2. Precise and Reliable Power Transmission: Roller chains provide accurate and reliable power transmission, ensuring consistent and precise movement of the printing components. This is crucial for maintaining print quality, registration, and alignment of the printed material.

3. Wide Range of Speeds: Roller chains can accommodate a wide range of speeds, allowing for flexibility in printing machinery. Whether it’s high-speed printing or slower, more precise operations, roller chains can adapt to different speed requirements.

4. Easy Installation and Maintenance: Roller chains are relatively easy to install and maintain. They can be adjusted, lubricated, and replaced as needed, minimizing downtime and ensuring the continuous operation of printing machinery.

5. Versatility and Adaptability: Roller chains can be customized to meet specific requirements of printing machinery, such as different chain sizes, lengths, and attachments. This versatility allows for easy integration into various types of printing equipment and processes.

6. Cost-Effective Solution: Roller chains offer a cost-effective power transmission solution for printing machinery. They have a long service life, reducing the need for frequent replacements, and their availability in various sizes and configurations allows for efficient use in different printing applications.

In summary, the use of roller chains in printing machinery provides strength, reliability, precision, and versatility. They contribute to the smooth operation of the equipment, ensuring high-quality prints and increased productivity in printing applications.

roller chain

What are some common causes of roller chain failure?

Roller chain failure can occur due to various factors. Here’s a detailed answer to the question:

1. Insufficient Lubrication: One of the primary causes of roller chain failure is inadequate lubrication. Insufficient lubrication leads to increased friction, heat generation, and wear between the chain’s components, such as pins, bushings, and rollers. Over time, this can cause the chain to seize up, deform, or break.

2. Contamination: Contamination of the roller chain with dirt, dust, debris, or foreign particles can accelerate wear and increase the risk of failure. These contaminants can penetrate the chain’s joints, causing abrasive action and reducing the effectiveness of lubrication. Contamination can also cause corrosion, leading to weakened chain links.

3. Misalignment: Improper alignment of the sprockets and other drivetrain components can cause excessive side loading, uneven wear, and accelerated fatigue on the roller chain. Misalignment can result from improper installation, worn sprockets, or misaligned shafts, and it can lead to premature chain failure.

4. Overloading: Subjecting the roller chain to loads beyond its rated capacity can cause stress and fatigue, leading to chain failure. Overloading can occur due to improper application design, sudden shock loads, or continuous operation near or beyond the chain’s maximum load limit.

5. Wear and Fatigue: Over time, roller chains experience wear and fatigue due to normal usage. As the chain articulates around the sprockets, the pins, bushings, and rollers undergo cyclic stress, which can lead to wear, elongation, and eventually chain failure if not addressed through regular maintenance and replacement.

6. Corrosion: Exposure to corrosive environments, such as high humidity, chemicals, or saltwater, can cause corrosion on the roller chain. Corrosion weakens the chain’s structural integrity, leading to reduced load-carrying capacity and increased susceptibility to failure.

Proper maintenance, including regular lubrication, cleaning, inspection for wear and alignment, and avoiding overloading or exposure to harsh environments, is crucial to prevent roller chain failure. Timely replacement of worn or damaged chains and addressing any underlying issues that contribute to chain failure is essential for ensuring the reliable and safe operation of machinery or equipment.

China factory Gearbox Transmission Belt Parts Attachment Products 15 a Series Short Pitch Precision Simplex Roller Chains and Bush Chains for Agriculture  China factory Gearbox Transmission Belt Parts Attachment Products 15 a Series Short Pitch Precision Simplex Roller Chains and Bush Chains for Agriculture
editor by CX 2024-01-08

China Hot selling Gearbox Transmission Belt Parts Attachment Products 15 a Series Short Pitch Precision Simplex Roller Chains and Bush Chains for Agriculture

Product Description

A Series Short pitch Precision Simplex Roller Chains & Bush Chains

ISO/ANSI/ DIN
Chain No.
China
Chain No.
Pitch
P
mm
Roller diameter

d1max
mm

Width between inner plates
b1min
mm
Pin diameter

d2max
mm

Pin length Inner plate depth
h2max
mm
 Plate  thickness

Tmax
 mm

Tensile strength

Qmin
kN/lbf

Average tensile strength
Q0
kN
Weight per meter
q  
 kg/m
Lmax
mm
Lcmax
mm
15 *03C 4.7625 2.48 2.38 1.62 6.10 6.90 4.30 0.60 1.80/409 2.0 0.08

*Bush chain:d1 in the table indicates the external diameter of the bush

ROLLER CHAIN

Roller chain or bush roller chain is the type of chain drive most commonly used for transmission of mechanical power on many kinds of domestic, industrial and agricultural machinery, including conveyors, wire- and tube-drawing machines, printing presses, cars, motorcycles, and bicycles. It consists of a series of short cylindrical rollers held together by side links. It is driven by a toothed wheel called a sprocket. It is a simple, reliable, and efficient means of power transmission.

CONSTRUCTION OF THE CHAIN

Two different sizes of roller chain, showing construction.
There are 2 types of links alternating in the bush roller chain. The first type is inner links, having 2 inner plates held together by 2 sleeves or bushings CHINAMFG which rotate 2 rollers. Inner links alternate with the second type, the outer links, consisting of 2 outer plates held together by pins passing through the bushings of the inner links. The “bushingless” roller chain is similar in operation though not in construction; instead of separate bushings or sleeves holding the inner plates together, the plate has a tube stamped into it protruding from the hole which serves the same purpose. This has the advantage of removing 1 step in assembly of the chain.

The roller chain design reduces friction compared to simpler designs, resulting in higher efficiency and less wear. The original power transmission chain varieties lacked rollers and bushings, with both the inner and outer plates held by pins which directly contacted the sprocket teeth; however this configuration exhibited extremely rapid wear of both the sprocket teeth, and the plates where they pivoted on the pins. This problem was partially solved by the development of bushed chains, with the pins holding the outer plates passing through bushings or sleeves connecting the inner plates. This distributed the wear over a greater area; however the teeth of the sprockets still wore more rapidly than is desirable, from the sliding friction against the bushings. The addition of rollers surrounding the bushing sleeves of the chain and provided rolling contact with the teeth of the sprockets resulting in excellent resistance to wear of both sprockets and chain as well. There is even very low friction, as long as the chain is sufficiently lubricated. Continuous, clean, lubrication of roller chains is of primary importance for efficient operation as well as correct tensioning.

LUBRICATION

Many driving chains (for example, in factory equipment, or driving a camshaft inside an internal combustion engine) operate in clean environments, and thus the wearing surfaces (that is, the pins and bushings) are safe from precipitation and airborne grit, many even in a sealed environment such as an oil bath. Some roller chains are designed to have o-rings built into the space between the outside link plate and the inside roller link plates. Chain manufacturers began to include this feature in 1971 after the application was invented by Joseph Montano while working for Whitney Chain of Hartford, Connecticut. O-rings were included as a way to improve lubrication to the links of power transmission chains, a service that is vitally important to extending their working life. These rubber fixtures form a barrier that holds factory applied lubricating grease inside the pin and bushing wear areas. Further, the rubber o-rings prevent dirt and other contaminants from entering inside the chain linkages, where such particles would otherwise cause significant wear.[citation needed]

There are also many chains that have to operate in dirty conditions, and for size or operational reasons cannot be sealed. Examples include chains on farm equipment, bicycles, and chain saws. These chains will necessarily have relatively high rates of wear, particularly when the operators are prepared to accept more friction, less efficiency, more noise and more frequent replacement as they neglect lubrication and adjustment.

Many oil-based lubricants attract dirt and other particles, eventually forming an CHINAMFG paste that will compound wear on chains. This problem can be circumvented by use of a “dry” PTFE spray, which forms a solid film after application and repels both particles and moisture.

VARIANTS DESIGN

Layout of a roller chain: 1. Outer plate, 2. Inner plate, 3. Pin, 4. Bushing, 5. Roller
If the chain is not being used for a high wear application (for instance if it is just transmitting motion from a hand-operated lever to a control shaft on a machine, or a sliding door on an oven), then 1 of the simpler types of chain may still be used. Conversely, where extra strength but the smooth drive of a smaller pitch is required, the chain may be “siamesed”; instead of just 2 rows of plates on the outer sides of the chain, there may be 3 (“duplex”), 4 (“triplex”), or more rows of plates running parallel, with bushings and rollers between each adjacent pair, and the same number of rows of teeth running in parallel on the sprockets to match. Timing chains on automotive engines, for example, typically have multiple rows of plates called strands.

Roller chain is made in several sizes, the most common American National Standards Institute (ANSI) standards being 40, 50, 60, and 80. The first digit(s) indicate the pitch of the chain in eighths of an inch, with the last digit being 0 for standard chain, 1 for lightweight chain, and 5 for bushed chain with no rollers. Thus, a chain with half-inch pitch would be a #40 while a #160 sprocket would have teeth spaced 2 inches apart, etc. Metric pitches are expressed in sixteenths of an inch; thus a metric #8 chain (08B-1) would be equivalent to an ANSI #40. Most roller chain is made from plain carbon or alloy steel, but stainless steel is used in food processing machinery or other places where lubrication is a problem, and nylon or brass are occasionally seen for the same reason.

Roller chain is ordinarily hooked up using a master link (also known as a connecting link), which typically has 1 pin held by a horseshoe clip rather than friction fit, allowing it to be inserted or removed with simple tools. Chain with a removable link or pin is also known as cottered chain, which allows the length of the chain to be adjusted. Half links (also known as offsets) are available and are used to increase the length of the chain by a single roller. Riveted roller chain has the master link (also known as a connecting link) “riveted” or mashed on the ends. These pins are made to be durable and are not removable.

USE

An example of 2 ‘ghost’ sprockets tensioning a triplex roller chain system
Roller chains are used in low- to mid-speed drives at around 600 to 800 feet per minute; however, at higher speeds, around 2,000 to 3,000 feet per minute, V-belts are normally used due to wear and noise issues.
A bicycle chain is a form of roller chain. Bicycle chains may have a master link, or may require a chain tool for removal and installation. A similar but larger and thus stronger chain is used on most motorcycles although it is sometimes replaced by either a toothed belt or a shaft drive, which offer lower noise level and fewer maintenance requirements.
The great majority of automobile engines use roller chains to drive the camshaft(s). Very high performance engines often use gear drive, and starting in the early 1960s toothed belts were used by some manufacturers.
Chains are also used in forklifts using hydraulic rams as a pulley to raise and lower the carriage; however, these chains are not considered roller chains, but are classified as lift or leaf chains.
Chainsaw cutting chains superficially resemble roller chains but are more closely related to leaf chains. They are driven by projecting drive links which also serve to locate the chain CHINAMFG the bar.

Sea Harrier FA.2 ZA195 front (cold) vector thrust nozzle – the nozzle is rotated by a chain drive from an air motor
A perhaps unusual use of a pair of motorcycle chains is in the Harrier Jump Jet, where a chain drive from an air motor is used to rotate the movable engine nozzles, allowing them to be pointed downwards for hovering flight, or to the rear for normal CHINAMFG flight, a system known as Thrust vectoring.

WEAR

 

The effect of wear on a roller chain is to increase the pitch (spacing of the links), causing the chain to grow longer. Note that this is due to wear at the pivoting pins and bushes, not from actual stretching of the metal (as does happen to some flexible steel components such as the hand-brake cable of a motor vehicle).

With modern chains it is unusual for a chain (other than that of a bicycle) to wear until it breaks, since a worn chain leads to the rapid onset of wear on the teeth of the sprockets, with ultimate failure being the loss of all the teeth on the sprocket. The sprockets (in particular the smaller of the two) suffer a grinding motion that puts a characteristic hook shape into the driven face of the teeth. (This effect is made worse by a chain improperly tensioned, but is unavoidable no matter what care is taken). The worn teeth (and chain) no longer provides smooth transmission of power and this may become evident from the noise, the vibration or (in car engines using a timing chain) the variation in ignition timing seen with a timing light. Both sprockets and chain should be replaced in these cases, since a new chain on worn sprockets will not last long. However, in less severe cases it may be possible to save the larger of the 2 sprockets, since it is always the smaller 1 that suffers the most wear. Only in very light-weight applications such as a bicycle, or in extreme cases of improper tension, will the chain normally jump off the sprockets.

The lengthening due to wear of a chain is calculated by the following formula:

M = the length of a number of links measured

S = the number of links measured

P = Pitch

In industry, it is usual to monitor the movement of the chain tensioner (whether manual or automatic) or the exact length of a drive chain (one rule of thumb is to replace a roller chain which has elongated 3% on an adjustable drive or 1.5% on a fixed-center drive). A simpler method, particularly suitable for the cycle or motorcycle user, is to attempt to pull the chain away from the larger of the 2 sprockets, whilst ensuring the chain is taut. Any significant movement (e.g. making it possible to see through a gap) probably indicates a chain worn up to and beyond the limit. Sprocket damage will result if the problem is ignored. Sprocket wear cancels this effect, and may mask chain wear.

CHAIN STRENGTH

The most common measure of roller chain’s strength is tensile strength. Tensile strength represents how much load a chain can withstand under a one-time load before breaking. Just as important as tensile strength is a chain’s fatigue strength. The critical factors in a chain’s fatigue strength is the quality of steel used to manufacture the chain, the heat treatment of the chain components, the quality of the pitch hole fabrication of the linkplates, and the type of shot plus the intensity of shot peen coverage on the linkplates. Other factors can include the thickness of the linkplates and the design (contour) of the linkplates. The rule of thumb for roller chain operating on a continuous drive is for the chain load to not exceed a mere 1/6 or 1/9 of the chain’s tensile strength, depending on the type of master links used (press-fit vs. slip-fit)[citation needed]. Roller chains operating on a continuous drive beyond these thresholds can and typically do fail prematurely via linkplate fatigue failure.

The standard minimum ultimate strength of the ANSI 29.1 steel chain is 12,500 x (pitch, in inches)2. X-ring and O-Ring chains greatly decrease wear by means of internal lubricants, increasing chain life. The internal lubrication is inserted by means of a vacuum when riveting the chain together.

CHAIN STHangZhouRDS

Standards organizations (such as ANSI and ISO) maintain standards for design, dimensions, and interchangeability of transmission chains. For example, the following Table shows data from ANSI standard B29.1-2011 (Precision Power Transmission Roller Chains, Attachments, and Sprockets) developed by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). See the references[8][9][10] for additional information.

ASME/ANSI B29.1-2011 Roller Chain Standard SizesSizePitchMaximum Roller DiameterMinimum Ultimate Tensile StrengthMeasuring Load25

ASME/ANSI B29.1-2011 Roller Chain Standard Sizes
Size Pitch Maximum Roller Diameter Minimum Ultimate Tensile Strength Measuring Load
25 0.250 in (6.35 mm) 0.130 in (3.30 mm) 780 lb (350 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
35 0.375 in (9.53 mm) 0.200 in (5.08 mm) 1,760 lb (800 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
41 0.500 in (12.70 mm) 0.306 in (7.77 mm) 1,500 lb (680 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
40 0.500 in (12.70 mm) 0.312 in (7.92 mm) 3,125 lb (1,417 kg) 31 lb (14 kg)
50 0.625 in (15.88 mm) 0.400 in (10.16 mm) 4,880 lb (2,210 kg) 49 lb (22 kg)
60 0.750 in (19.05 mm) 0.469 in (11.91 mm) 7,030 lb (3,190 kg) 70 lb (32 kg)
80 1.000 in (25.40 mm) 0.625 in (15.88 mm) 12,500 lb (5,700 kg) 125 lb (57 kg)
100 1.250 in (31.75 mm) 0.750 in (19.05 mm) 19,531 lb (8,859 kg) 195 lb (88 kg)
120 1.500 in (38.10 mm) 0.875 in (22.23 mm) 28,125 lb (12,757 kg) 281 lb (127 kg)
140 1.750 in (44.45 mm) 1.000 in (25.40 mm) 38,280 lb (17,360 kg) 383 lb (174 kg)
160 2.000 in (50.80 mm) 1.125 in (28.58 mm) 50,000 lb (23,000 kg) 500 lb (230 kg)
180 2.250 in (57.15 mm) 1.460 in (37.08 mm) 63,280 lb (28,700 kg) 633 lb (287 kg)
200 2.500 in (63.50 mm) 1.562 in (39.67 mm) 78,175 lb (35,460 kg) 781 lb (354 kg)
240 3.000 in (76.20 mm) 1.875 in (47.63 mm) 112,500 lb (51,000 kg) 1,000 lb (450 kg

For mnemonic purposes, below is another presentation of key dimensions from the same standard, expressed in fractions of an inch (which was part of the thinking behind the choice of preferred numbers in the ANSI standard):

Pitch (inches) Pitch expressed
in eighths
ANSI standard
chain number
Width (inches)
14 28 25 18
38 38 35 316
12 48 41 14
12 48 40 516
58 58 50 38
34 68 60 12
1 88 80 58

Notes:
1. The pitch is the distance between roller centers. The width is the distance between the link plates (i.e. slightly more than the roller width to allow for clearance).
2. The right-hand digit of the standard denotes 0 = normal chain, 1 = lightweight chain, 5 = rollerless bushing chain.
3. The left-hand digit denotes the number of eighths of an inch that make up the pitch.
4. An “H” following the standard number denotes heavyweight chain. A hyphenated number following the standard number denotes double-strand (2), triple-strand (3), and so on. Thus 60H-3 denotes number 60 heavyweight triple-strand chain.
 A typical bicycle chain (for derailleur gears) uses narrow 1⁄2-inch-pitch chain. The width of the chain is variable, and does not affect the load capacity. The more sprockets at the rear wheel (historically 3-6, nowadays 7-12 sprockets), the narrower the chain. Chains are sold according to the number of speeds they are designed to work with, for example, “10 speed chain”. Hub gear or single speed bicycles use 1/2″ x 1/8″ chains, where 1/8″ refers to the maximum thickness of a sprocket that can be used with the chain.

Typically chains with parallel shaped links have an even number of links, with each narrow link followed by a broad one. Chains built up with a uniform type of link, narrow at 1 and broad at the other end, can be made with an odd number of links, which can be an advantage to adapt to a special chainwheel-distance; on the other side such a chain tends to be not so strong.

Roller chains made using ISO standard are sometimes called as isochains.

 

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5. Extensive Inventory of Spare Parts and Accessories
6. Well-Developed CHINAMFG Marketing Network
7. Efficient After-Sale Service System

 

The 219 sets of advanced automatic production equipment provide guarantees for high product quality. The 167 engineers and technicians with senior professional titles can design and develop products to meet the exact demands of customers, and OEM customizations are also available with us. Our sound global service network can provide customers with timely after-sales technical services.

We are not just a manufacturer and supplier, but also an industry consultant. We work pro-actively with you to offer expert advice and product recommendations in order to end up with a most cost effective product available for your specific application. The clients we serve CHINAMFG range from end users to distributors and OEMs. Our OEM replacements can be substituted wherever necessary and suitable for both repair and new assemblies.

 

 

 

 

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roller chain

Can roller chains be used for power transmission in automotive applications?

Yes, roller chains can be used for power transmission in automotive applications. However, it’s important to note that roller chains are not commonly used as the primary method of power transmission in modern automotive systems. The automotive industry has largely transitioned to other technologies such as timing belts and gears for power transmission. Nevertheless, roller chains can still be found in some automotive components and systems. Here’s a detailed answer to the question:

1. Engine Timing: Roller chains are commonly used in internal combustion engines to drive the camshafts and synchronize the opening and closing of the engine’s valves. The timing chain ensures precise timing between the crankshaft and camshaft, allowing for efficient engine operation.

2. Transfer Cases: In certain four-wheel-drive and all-wheel-drive vehicles, roller chains are used in the transfer case to transmit power from the transmission to the front and rear axles. The roller chain in this application allows for smooth and efficient power transfer between the different drivetrain components.

3. Other Applications: While roller chains are not as prevalent in other automotive systems, they can be found in some secondary applications such as power steering systems, engine oil pumps, and accessory drives.

It’s important to consider the specific requirements of the automotive application when determining the suitability of a roller chain. Factors such as load capacity, speed, temperature, and environmental conditions need to be carefully evaluated. Additionally, regular maintenance and lubrication are crucial to ensure the longevity and reliable performance of the roller chain in automotive applications.

roller chain

How do roller chains handle abrasive environments?

Roller chains are designed to handle various operating conditions, including abrasive environments. Here’s a detailed answer to the question:

1. Material Selection: Roller chains are typically constructed using high-quality materials that offer good resistance to abrasion. Common materials used for roller chains include alloy steel, stainless steel, or specialized coatings that enhance wear resistance.

2. Surface Hardness: The components of a roller chain, such as the pins, bushings, and rollers, are heat-treated to achieve a high surface hardness. This hardness helps to resist wear caused by abrasive particles present in the environment.

3. Lubrication: Proper lubrication plays a crucial role in protecting roller chains from abrasive wear. Lubricants act as a barrier between the chain components and abrasive contaminants, reducing friction and minimizing wear. The lubricant also helps to flush away any abrasive particles that may come in contact with the chain.

4. Sealing and Protection: Roller chains can be equipped with seals or protective covers to provide an additional layer of defense against abrasive particles. These seals help to prevent contaminants from entering the chain and causing premature wear. Seals also help to retain lubrication within the chain, further enhancing its performance in abrasive environments.

5. Regular Maintenance: Regular inspection and maintenance are essential to ensure the longevity of roller chains in abrasive environments. This includes periodic cleaning to remove accumulated debris and checking for signs of wear or damage. Prompt replacement of worn components is necessary to prevent further deterioration and ensure reliable operation.

While roller chains are generally robust in abrasive environments, it’s important to consider the severity of the abrasion, as extremely abrasive conditions may require specialized chain materials or additional protective measures. Consulting with experts and selecting the appropriate chain design and materials based on the specific application requirements can help maximize the performance and lifespan of roller chains in abrasive environments.

roller chain

Are there any alternatives to roller chains for power transmission?

Yes, there are several alternatives to roller chains for power transmission, depending on the specific application requirements. Here’s a detailed answer to the question:

1. Belt Drives: Belt drives are a common alternative to roller chains for power transmission. They use a flexible belt made of materials such as rubber, polyurethane, or neoprene. Belt drives offer smooth and quiet operation, high-speed capabilities, and can transmit power over long distances. They are often used in applications where precise synchronization is not required.

2. Gear Drives: Gear drives use meshing gears to transmit power. They offer high torque capabilities, precise motion control, and can handle heavy loads. Gear drives are commonly used in applications that require high efficiency and precise speed control, such as industrial machinery, automotive transmissions, and robotics.

3. Timing Belts: Timing belts, also known as synchronous belts, are toothed belts that provide positive power transmission. They are used in applications that require precise synchronization between two or more shafts. Timing belts offer low noise, high efficiency, and resistance to slippage. They are commonly used in automotive engines, industrial automation, and precision machinery.

4. Chain Drives: Chain drives, similar to roller chains, use interconnected links to transmit power. However, chain drives often have larger pitch sizes and heavier-duty construction compared to roller chains. Chain drives offer high load-carrying capacity, durability, and can operate in demanding conditions. They are commonly used in heavy machinery, agricultural equipment, and motorcycles.

5. Direct Drives: Direct drives eliminate the need for mechanical power transmission components like chains or belts. They directly connect the motor or power source to the driven equipment, providing a more efficient and compact solution. Direct drives are commonly used in applications that require high precision, such as CNC machines, robotics, and linear motion systems.

When considering alternatives to roller chains, factors such as load requirements, speed, precision, environmental conditions, and cost must be taken into account. Each alternative has its own advantages and limitations, and the choice depends on the specific needs of the application.

China Hot selling Gearbox Transmission Belt Parts Attachment Products 15 a Series Short Pitch Precision Simplex Roller Chains and Bush Chains for Agriculture  China Hot selling Gearbox Transmission Belt Parts Attachment Products 15 a Series Short Pitch Precision Simplex Roller Chains and Bush Chains for Agriculture
editor by CX 2023-11-20

China Professional Gearbox Transmission Belt Parts Attachment Products 15 a Series Short Pitch Precision Simplex Roller Chains and Bush Chains for Agriculture

Product Description

A Series Short pitch Precision Simplex Roller Chains & Bush Chains

ISO/ANSI/ DIN
Chain No.
China
Chain No.
Pitch
P
mm
Roller diameter

d1max
mm

Width between inner plates
b1min
mm
Pin diameter

d2max
mm

Pin length Inner plate depth
h2max
mm
 Plate  thickness

Tmax
 mm

Tensile strength

Qmin
kN/lbf

Average tensile strength
Q0
kN
Weight per meter
q  
 kg/m
Lmax
mm
Lcmax
mm
15 *03C 4.7625 2.48 2.38 1.62 6.10 6.90 4.30 0.60 1.80/409 2.0 0.08

*Bush chain:d1 in the table indicates the external diameter of the bush

ROLLER CHAIN

Roller chain or bush roller chain is the type of chain drive most commonly used for transmission of mechanical power on many kinds of domestic, industrial and agricultural machinery, including conveyors, wire- and tube-drawing machines, printing presses, cars, motorcycles, and bicycles. It consists of a series of short cylindrical rollers held together by side links. It is driven by a toothed wheel called a sprocket. It is a simple, reliable, and efficient means of power transmission.

CONSTRUCTION OF THE CHAIN

Two different sizes of roller chain, showing construction.
There are 2 types of links alternating in the bush roller chain. The first type is inner links, having 2 inner plates held together by 2 sleeves or bushings CZPT which rotate 2 rollers. Inner links alternate with the second type, the outer links, consisting of 2 outer plates held together by pins passing through the bushings of the inner links. The “bushingless” roller chain is similar in operation though not in construction; instead of separate bushings or sleeves holding the inner plates together, the plate has a tube stamped into it protruding from the hole which serves the same purpose. This has the advantage of removing 1 step in assembly of the chain.

The roller chain design reduces friction compared to simpler designs, resulting in higher efficiency and less wear. The original power transmission chain varieties lacked rollers and bushings, with both the inner and outer plates held by pins which directly contacted the sprocket teeth; however this configuration exhibited extremely rapid wear of both the sprocket teeth, and the plates where they pivoted on the pins. This problem was partially solved by the development of bushed chains, with the pins holding the outer plates passing through bushings or sleeves connecting the inner plates. This distributed the wear over a greater area; however the teeth of the sprockets still wore more rapidly than is desirable, from the sliding friction against the bushings. The addition of rollers surrounding the bushing sleeves of the chain and provided rolling contact with the teeth of the sprockets resulting in excellent resistance to wear of both sprockets and chain as well. There is even very low friction, as long as the chain is sufficiently lubricated. Continuous, clean, lubrication of roller chains is of primary importance for efficient operation as well as correct tensioning.

LUBRICATION

Many driving chains (for example, in factory equipment, or driving a camshaft inside an internal combustion engine) operate in clean environments, and thus the wearing surfaces (that is, the pins and bushings) are safe from precipitation and airborne grit, many even in a sealed environment such as an oil bath. Some roller chains are designed to have o-rings built into the space between the outside link plate and the inside roller link plates. Chain manufacturers began to include this feature in 1971 after the application was invented by Joseph Montano while working for Whitney Chain of Hartford, Connecticut. O-rings were included as a way to improve lubrication to the links of power transmission chains, a service that is vitally important to extending their working life. These rubber fixtures form a barrier that holds factory applied lubricating grease inside the pin and bushing wear areas. Further, the rubber o-rings prevent dirt and other contaminants from entering inside the chain linkages, where such particles would otherwise cause significant wear.[citation needed]

There are also many chains that have to operate in dirty conditions, and for size or operational reasons cannot be sealed. Examples include chains on farm equipment, bicycles, and chain saws. These chains will necessarily have relatively high rates of wear, particularly when the operators are prepared to accept more friction, less efficiency, more noise and more frequent replacement as they neglect lubrication and adjustment.

Many oil-based lubricants attract dirt and other particles, eventually forming an CZPT paste that will compound wear on chains. This problem can be circumvented by use of a “dry” PTFE spray, which forms a solid film after application and repels both particles and moisture.

VARIANTS DESIGN

Layout of a roller chain: 1. Outer plate, 2. Inner plate, 3. Pin, 4. Bushing, 5. Roller
If the chain is not being used for a high wear application (for instance if it is just transmitting motion from a hand-operated lever to a control shaft on a machine, or a sliding door on an oven), then 1 of the simpler types of chain may still be used. Conversely, where extra strength but the smooth drive of a smaller pitch is required, the chain may be “siamesed”; instead of just 2 rows of plates on the outer sides of the chain, there may be 3 (“duplex”), 4 (“triplex”), or more rows of plates running parallel, with bushings and rollers between each adjacent pair, and the same number of rows of teeth running in parallel on the sprockets to match. Timing chains on automotive engines, for example, typically have multiple rows of plates called strands.

Roller chain is made in several sizes, the most common American National Standards Institute (ANSI) standards being 40, 50, 60, and 80. The first digit(s) indicate the pitch of the chain in eighths of an inch, with the last digit being 0 for standard chain, 1 for lightweight chain, and 5 for bushed chain with no rollers. Thus, a chain with half-inch pitch would be a #40 while a #160 sprocket would have teeth spaced 2 inches apart, etc. Metric pitches are expressed in sixteenths of an inch; thus a metric #8 chain (08B-1) would be equivalent to an ANSI #40. Most roller chain is made from plain carbon or alloy steel, but stainless steel is used in food processing machinery or other places where lubrication is a problem, and nylon or brass are occasionally seen for the same reason.

Roller chain is ordinarily hooked up using a master link (also known as a connecting link), which typically has 1 pin held by a horseshoe clip rather than friction fit, allowing it to be inserted or removed with simple tools. Chain with a removable link or pin is also known as cottered chain, which allows the length of the chain to be adjusted. Half links (also known as offsets) are available and are used to increase the length of the chain by a single roller. Riveted roller chain has the master link (also known as a connecting link) “riveted” or mashed on the ends. These pins are made to be durable and are not removable.

USE

An example of 2 ‘ghost’ sprockets tensioning a triplex roller chain system
Roller chains are used in low- to mid-speed drives at around 600 to 800 feet per minute; however, at higher speeds, around 2,000 to 3,000 feet per minute, V-belts are normally used due to wear and noise issues.
A bicycle chain is a form of roller chain. Bicycle chains may have a master link, or may require a chain tool for removal and installation. A similar but larger and thus stronger chain is used on most motorcycles although it is sometimes replaced by either a toothed belt or a shaft drive, which offer lower noise level and fewer maintenance requirements.
The great majority of automobile engines use roller chains to drive the camshaft(s). Very high performance engines often use gear drive, and starting in the early 1960s toothed belts were used by some manufacturers.
Chains are also used in forklifts using hydraulic rams as a pulley to raise and lower the carriage; however, these chains are not considered roller chains, but are classified as lift or leaf chains.
Chainsaw cutting chains superficially resemble roller chains but are more closely related to leaf chains. They are driven by projecting drive links which also serve to locate the chain CZPT the bar.

Sea Harrier FA.2 ZA195 front (cold) vector thrust nozzle – the nozzle is rotated by a chain drive from an air motor
A perhaps unusual use of a pair of motorcycle chains is in the Harrier Jump Jet, where a chain drive from an air motor is used to rotate the movable engine nozzles, allowing them to be pointed downwards for hovering flight, or to the rear for normal CZPT flight, a system known as Thrust vectoring.

WEAR

 

The effect of wear on a roller chain is to increase the pitch (spacing of the links), causing the chain to grow longer. Note that this is due to wear at the pivoting pins and bushes, not from actual stretching of the metal (as does happen to some flexible steel components such as the hand-brake cable of a motor vehicle).

With modern chains it is unusual for a chain (other than that of a bicycle) to wear until it breaks, since a worn chain leads to the rapid onset of wear on the teeth of the sprockets, with ultimate failure being the loss of all the teeth on the sprocket. The sprockets (in particular the smaller of the two) suffer a grinding motion that puts a characteristic hook shape into the driven face of the teeth. (This effect is made worse by a chain improperly tensioned, but is unavoidable no matter what care is taken). The worn teeth (and chain) no longer provides smooth transmission of power and this may become evident from the noise, the vibration or (in car engines using a timing chain) the variation in ignition timing seen with a timing light. Both sprockets and chain should be replaced in these cases, since a new chain on worn sprockets will not last long. However, in less severe cases it may be possible to save the larger of the 2 sprockets, since it is always the smaller 1 that suffers the most wear. Only in very light-weight applications such as a bicycle, or in extreme cases of improper tension, will the chain normally jump off the sprockets.

The lengthening due to wear of a chain is calculated by the following formula:

M = the length of a number of links measured

S = the number of links measured

P = Pitch

In industry, it is usual to monitor the movement of the chain tensioner (whether manual or automatic) or the exact length of a drive chain (one rule of thumb is to replace a roller chain which has elongated 3% on an adjustable drive or 1.5% on a fixed-center drive). A simpler method, particularly suitable for the cycle or motorcycle user, is to attempt to pull the chain away from the larger of the 2 sprockets, whilst ensuring the chain is taut. Any significant movement (e.g. making it possible to see through a gap) probably indicates a chain worn up to and beyond the limit. Sprocket damage will result if the problem is ignored. Sprocket wear cancels this effect, and may mask chain wear.

CHAIN STRENGTH

The most common measure of roller chain’s strength is tensile strength. Tensile strength represents how much load a chain can withstand under a one-time load before breaking. Just as important as tensile strength is a chain’s fatigue strength. The critical factors in a chain’s fatigue strength is the quality of steel used to manufacture the chain, the heat treatment of the chain components, the quality of the pitch hole fabrication of the linkplates, and the type of shot plus the intensity of shot peen coverage on the linkplates. Other factors can include the thickness of the linkplates and the design (contour) of the linkplates. The rule of thumb for roller chain operating on a continuous drive is for the chain load to not exceed a mere 1/6 or 1/9 of the chain’s tensile strength, depending on the type of master links used (press-fit vs. slip-fit)[citation needed]. Roller chains operating on a continuous drive beyond these thresholds can and typically do fail prematurely via linkplate fatigue failure.

The standard minimum ultimate strength of the ANSI 29.1 steel chain is 12,500 x (pitch, in inches)2. X-ring and O-Ring chains greatly decrease wear by means of internal lubricants, increasing chain life. The internal lubrication is inserted by means of a vacuum when riveting the chain together.

CHAIN STHangZhouRDS

Standards organizations (such as ANSI and ISO) maintain standards for design, dimensions, and interchangeability of transmission chains. For example, the following Table shows data from ANSI standard B29.1-2011 (Precision Power Transmission Roller Chains, Attachments, and Sprockets) developed by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). See the references[8][9][10] for additional information.

ASME/ANSI B29.1-2011 Roller Chain Standard SizesSizePitchMaximum Roller DiameterMinimum Ultimate Tensile StrengthMeasuring Load25

ASME/ANSI B29.1-2011 Roller Chain Standard Sizes
Size Pitch Maximum Roller Diameter Minimum Ultimate Tensile Strength Measuring Load
25 0.250 in (6.35 mm) 0.130 in (3.30 mm) 780 lb (350 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
35 0.375 in (9.53 mm) 0.200 in (5.08 mm) 1,760 lb (800 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
41 0.500 in (12.70 mm) 0.306 in (7.77 mm) 1,500 lb (680 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
40 0.500 in (12.70 mm) 0.312 in (7.92 mm) 3,125 lb (1,417 kg) 31 lb (14 kg)
50 0.625 in (15.88 mm) 0.400 in (10.16 mm) 4,880 lb (2,210 kg) 49 lb (22 kg)
60 0.750 in (19.05 mm) 0.469 in (11.91 mm) 7,030 lb (3,190 kg) 70 lb (32 kg)
80 1.000 in (25.40 mm) 0.625 in (15.88 mm) 12,500 lb (5,700 kg) 125 lb (57 kg)
100 1.250 in (31.75 mm) 0.750 in (19.05 mm) 19,531 lb (8,859 kg) 195 lb (88 kg)
120 1.500 in (38.10 mm) 0.875 in (22.23 mm) 28,125 lb (12,757 kg) 281 lb (127 kg)
140 1.750 in (44.45 mm) 1.000 in (25.40 mm) 38,280 lb (17,360 kg) 383 lb (174 kg)
160 2.000 in (50.80 mm) 1.125 in (28.58 mm) 50,000 lb (23,000 kg) 500 lb (230 kg)
180 2.250 in (57.15 mm) 1.460 in (37.08 mm) 63,280 lb (28,700 kg) 633 lb (287 kg)
200 2.500 in (63.50 mm) 1.562 in (39.67 mm) 78,175 lb (35,460 kg) 781 lb (354 kg)
240 3.000 in (76.20 mm) 1.875 in (47.63 mm) 112,500 lb (51,000 kg) 1,000 lb (450 kg

For mnemonic purposes, below is another presentation of key dimensions from the same standard, expressed in fractions of an inch (which was part of the thinking behind the choice of preferred numbers in the ANSI standard):

Pitch (inches) Pitch expressed
in eighths
ANSI standard
chain number
Width (inches)
14 28 25 18
38 38 35 316
12 48 41 14
12 48 40 516
58 58 50 38
34 68 60 12
1 88 80 58

Notes:
1. The pitch is the distance between roller centers. The width is the distance between the link plates (i.e. slightly more than the roller width to allow for clearance).
2. The right-hand digit of the standard denotes 0 = normal chain, 1 = lightweight chain, 5 = rollerless bushing chain.
3. The left-hand digit denotes the number of eighths of an inch that make up the pitch.
4. An “H” following the standard number denotes heavyweight chain. A hyphenated number following the standard number denotes double-strand (2), triple-strand (3), and so on. Thus 60H-3 denotes number 60 heavyweight triple-strand chain.
 A typical bicycle chain (for derailleur gears) uses narrow 1⁄2-inch-pitch chain. The width of the chain is variable, and does not affect the load capacity. The more sprockets at the rear wheel (historically 3-6, nowadays 7-12 sprockets), the narrower the chain. Chains are sold according to the number of speeds they are designed to work with, for example, “10 speed chain”. Hub gear or single speed bicycles use 1/2″ x 1/8″ chains, where 1/8″ refers to the maximum thickness of a sprocket that can be used with the chain.

Typically chains with parallel shaped links have an even number of links, with each narrow link followed by a broad one. Chains built up with a uniform type of link, narrow at 1 and broad at the other end, can be made with an odd number of links, which can be an advantage to adapt to a special chainwheel-distance; on the other side such a chain tends to be not so strong.

Roller chains made using ISO standard are sometimes called as isochains.

 

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The 219 sets of advanced automatic production equipment provide guarantees for high product quality. The 167 engineers and technicians with senior professional titles can design and develop products to meet the exact demands of customers, and OEM customizations are also available with us. Our sound global service network can provide customers with timely after-sales technical services.

We are not just a manufacturer and supplier, but also an industry consultant. We work pro-actively with you to offer expert advice and product recommendations in order to end up with a most cost effective product available for your specific application. The clients we serve CZPT range from end users to distributors and OEMs. Our OEM replacements can be substituted wherever necessary and suitable for both repair and new assemblies.

 

 

 

 

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roller chain

What are the factors to consider when selecting a roller chain for an application?

Choosing the right roller chain for an application involves considering several important factors. Here’s a detailed answer to the question:

1. Load Capacity: The load capacity of the roller chain should match or exceed the maximum anticipated load in the application. Consider the weight and type of the load, as well as any shock loads or dynamic forces that may be present.

2. Speed and RPM: Determine the required speed and RPM (revolutions per minute) of the roller chain. High-speed applications may require special high-speed chains with improved heat dissipation and reduced centrifugal forces.

3. Environment: Assess the operating environment of the application. Consider factors such as temperature, humidity, dust, dirt, chemicals, and exposure to corrosive substances. Choose a roller chain with appropriate corrosion resistance, sealing, lubrication, or protective coatings based on the specific environmental conditions.

4. Length and Pitch: Determine the required length and pitch of the roller chain based on the distance between the sprockets and the desired positioning of the driven and driving components.

5. Maintenance Requirements: Consider the desired maintenance level for the application. Some roller chains may require regular lubrication, while others offer maintenance-free or self-lubricating options. Assess the availability of maintenance resources and the impact of downtime on the overall operation.

6. Compatibility: Ensure compatibility between the roller chain and the sprockets used in the application. The roller chain and sprockets should have matching pitch, tooth profile, and number of teeth to ensure proper engagement and smooth operation.

7. Certification and Standards: In certain industries, compliance with specific certifications or standards may be required. Consider whether the roller chain meets industry-specific requirements such as ISO, ANSI, or industry-specific regulations.

8. Cost and Availability: Evaluate the cost and availability of the roller chain, including factors such as initial purchase price, long-term maintenance costs, and the availability of spare parts or replacement chains.

By carefully considering these factors and consulting with experts or manufacturers, you can select the most suitable roller chain for your specific application, ensuring reliable and efficient power transmission.

roller chain

Can roller chains be used for power transmission in pumps and compressors?

Yes, roller chains can be used for power transmission in pumps and compressors. Here’s a detailed answer to the question:

1. Power Transmission: Roller chains are widely used in various industries for transmitting power between rotating components. In pumps and compressors, roller chains can efficiently transfer power from the motor to the impeller or compressor wheel, enabling the pumping or compression action.

2. Versatility: Roller chains are available in different sizes, pitches, and configurations, making them suitable for various power transmission requirements. They can accommodate a wide range of power levels and speeds, allowing pumps and compressors to operate effectively in different applications and conditions.

3. Load Handling: Pumps and compressors typically involve dynamic loads due to the movement of fluids and gases. Roller chains are designed to handle these dynamic loads effectively. The multiple rollers and pins in the chain distribute the load evenly, minimizing stress concentrations and ensuring smooth power transmission.

4. Durability: Roller chains are known for their durability and resistance to wear. They are designed to withstand demanding operating conditions, including high speeds, fluctuating loads, and exposure to contaminants. Proper lubrication and maintenance further enhance their longevity and reliability in pump and compressor applications.

5. Easy Installation and Maintenance: Roller chains offer ease of installation and maintenance. They can be easily installed, adjusted, and tensioned to ensure proper alignment and operation. Routine maintenance tasks such as lubrication and inspection can help optimize chain performance and identify any potential issues.

It’s important to select the appropriate roller chain based on the specific requirements of the pump or compressor, considering factors such as power transmission capacity, speed, load characteristics, and environmental conditions. Regular inspection and maintenance are crucial to ensure optimal performance and to detect any signs of wear or damage that may require replacement or repair.

roller chain

How do roller chains handle misalignment between sprockets?

Roller chains are designed to accommodate a certain degree of misalignment between sprockets. Here’s a detailed answer to the question:

1. Side-Bending Capability: One of the key features of roller chains is their side-bending capability. The chain links have some flexibility, allowing them to articulate and adapt to slight misalignments between the sprockets. This flexibility helps maintain proper engagement between the chain and the sprockets, even if they are not perfectly aligned.

2. Articulating Pins and Bushings: Roller chains consist of pins and bushings that connect the chain links. These pins and bushings allow for rotational movement and articulation, enabling the chain to adjust to the misalignment between the sprockets. This ensures that the chain remains engaged with the sprockets and continues to transmit power effectively.

3. Chain Tension Adjustment: Misalignment between sprockets can cause variations in chain tension along the length of the chain. Roller chains typically have provisions for adjusting the chain tension, allowing for compensation of any slack or tight spots caused by misalignment. Proper tension adjustment helps maintain the chain’s engagement with the sprockets and ensures smooth power transmission.

4. Chain Guides and Tensioners: In cases where misalignment is more pronounced or persistent, chain guides and tensioners can be used to help guide the chain and maintain proper alignment. These components provide additional support and control the lateral movement of the chain, minimizing the effects of misalignment.

While roller chains can handle a certain amount of misalignment, it is important to note that excessive or prolonged misalignment can lead to increased wear, premature fatigue, and reduced chain life. Therefore, it is recommended to minimize misalignment as much as possible and regularly inspect and maintain the alignment of the sprockets to ensure optimal performance and longevity of the roller chain.

China Professional Gearbox Transmission Belt Parts Attachment Products 15 a Series Short Pitch Precision Simplex Roller Chains and Bush Chains for Agriculture  China Professional Gearbox Transmission Belt Parts Attachment Products 15 a Series Short Pitch Precision Simplex Roller Chains and Bush Chains for Agriculture
editor by CX 2023-09-07

China Standard Steel Conveyor Hollow Pin Short Pitch Transmission Motocycles Bush Heavy Duty Cranked Link Sleeve Offset Drive Flat Top Pintle Drag Table Top Car Parking Chains with Good quality

Merchandise Description

steel conveyor hollow pin short pitch transmission motocycles bush weighty obligation cranked link sleeve offset generate Flat Prime Pintle Drag table leading automobile parkingchains 

What to seem for in a roller chain

There are several various elements to contemplate when acquiring a roller chain. A single of the most crucial elements is tensile energy, which signifies the force required to split the chain. Roller chains are accessible in 3 diverse tensile strengths: minimal, typical and supreme. Every single toughness reflects a diverse restrict to the load the chain can take care of. However, these limitations are not always equal and you ought to be conscious of the variances between roller chains.

Canonical chain

Most roller chains have regular dimensions printed on the side panels. This is usually “40” or “C2080H”, but can also be the letter “B”. If the chain is previous, it will need to be cleaned to see its measurement. You can find the size on the standard roller chain dimensions chart, but not every person is marked. To establish the size, evaluate the diameter and pitch of the chain, then assess the outcomes to the chart to see what dimensions you require.
Weighty-responsibility roller chains are accessible with warmth-handled pins, side plates, and rollers. In addition to currently being warmth treated, they are also manufacturing facility pre-stretched, which decreases dress in on these areas. If effectively taken care of, they can last for several years, reducing the chance of failure or corrosion. Relying on the software, regular roller chains are available in diverse dimensions. It can be acquired individually. There are several options to pick from, based on the dimension and strength of the application.
PEER roller chains include solid rollers to minimize shock loads on the sprocket enamel. Heat dealing with and preloading all factors of the PEER chain assists reduce first elongation. Hot-dip lubrication assures complete lubrication of all chain parts, extending their lifestyle and lowering servicing charges. For large-duty programs, ASME/ANSI-B29.1 chain is a great option.
Standard roller chains are manufactured of steel or alloy metal. Nevertheless, it can be created of other components such as stainless metal. In addition to steel, stainless steel is usually utilized in foods processing equipment exactly where chain lubrication is an concern. Brass and nylon are also at times employed. Nonetheless, they are not that popular. For that reason, you ought to often check out with your provider before purchasing. By comparing the tensile toughness of two various chains and producing an knowledgeable choice, you can get the best value and support.

Chain with out bushing

Bushless roller chains have advantages over conventional roller chains. In contrast to standard chains, bushless chains have in depth lateral overall flexibility, which will increase the chain’s lubrication stream. The interior plates of bushless chains have protruding shoulders so the oil can stream through them far more simply and effectively. This is an crucial characteristic of a easy-running chain. Additionally, bushless chains may possibly have enhanced shifting overall performance.
The toughness of a bushingless roller chain is calculated in conditions of tensile strength and tiredness power. The former measures the load a chain can face up to just before breaking. Tiredness power is similarly critical, and factors that impact fatigue toughness incorporate the steel utilized to make the chain parts, the pitch gap fabrication, the kind of shot peening on the chain, and the design and thickness of the chain. For case in point, if the chain is way too slender, it may possibly not be enough for hefty-obligation purposes.
Like conventional roller chains, bushingless roller chains have two distinct types of backlinks. The interior url has two internal plates related by pins, although the outer chain has two outer plates held together by bushings. A bushingless roller chain is equivalent to a standard chain, except it removes a phase in the assembly process by stamping the tube into the inner plate. So if you want a smoother trip, a bushingless roller chain is a much better choice.
There are two distinct dimensions of bushingless roller chains. A single measurement is designed for use with common single-strand chains, although the other dimension is created for use with double-strand or triple-strand chains. Bushless chains are normally shorter than traditional chains, so they can in shape in tighter spaces. Bushless chains are manufactured of the maximum quality components. These chain attachments are situation hardened for ideal energy and longevity.

Mute chain

The silent roller chain has a clean, lower-sounds drive. They are created of stacked rows of flat chainplates with a equipment-like profile that meshes with the sprocket tooth. Every chainplate is hooked up to a corresponding sprocket, which also enables the chain to bend. While these standard factors are the same for each and every silent roller chain, there are several versions that let them to be utilized in a assortment of applications.
The most well-known substantial-pace transmission, silent chains attribute gear-like sprockets. They can be manufactured from solitary or numerous strands of material. Single-strand chains are significantly less costly than multi-strand chains, but they have a tendency to dress in out more quickly if not lubricated. Solitary-strand roller chains can be employed for a long time without lubrication, but for your software, broad silent chains are even now worth thinking about.
The design and design of silent chains make them best for conveying a vast range of goods. They have flat, warmth-resistant surfaces. They are also tough and non-slip. They are obtainable in a selection of pitch sizes, widths, and mounting designs. No matter whether you need to have chains for general purpose conveyors or glass bottle transportation purposes, we have you lined. Inquire about the positive aspects of silent roller chain conveyors.
Inverted tooth chains are another selection for quieter chains. These chains are designed to reduce sound from engine-relevant friction. Silent chains are more widespread, and companies have fallen in really like with them. A silent chain is composed of several hyperlinks related to the sprocket enamel. Enamel rotate to reduce noise, vibration, and chord action. These are the primary reasons why silent chains are so popular.

ANSI chain pitch

To measure your bike’s chain pitch, you can use a caliper. This measurement is taken from the heart of the rolling pin to the center of the following rolling pin. Chains occur in several sizes, but ANSI is the most typical chain standard in the United States. A caliper is handy if you happen to be not sure which dimensions to buy, as it permits you to check for worn sprockets.
Chains that meet ANSI specifications will be characterized by a certain pitch. This measurement is primarily based on the width and spacing of the roll. The spacing is typically higher than the width. The common number will be the proper amount for the width of the chain or the still left number for the rollers. The number on the left suggests regardless of whether the chain is light-weight or heavyweight. Heavyweight chains are specified by the suffix “H”.
Widespread chain dimensions are based on ANSI chain pitch. Pitch is the bare minimum distance amongst bushing and sprocket. The smaller the chain pitch, the increased the complete length amongst the two factors. This indicates the chain will previous more time. Nevertheless, if you are getting a chain for a particular software, you must check out the pitch very carefully as it can have an effect on the efficiency of the chain.

Roller chain dress in measurement

The goal of roller chain wear measurement is to stop breakage by monitoring the pressure on the chain. There are many methods to measure roller chain wear. The first is to eliminate the chain from its functioning placement and evaluate the distance from the sprocket to its measuring stop. Yet another way is to evaluate the pitch of the chain or the length between two pins. This strategy is superior to other approaches since it is convenient and exact.
When measuring the wear of a roller chain, it is essential to notice that the aspects of the chain will steadily deform. About 3.seventy five% of the overall wear will be on the pins and the relaxation will be on the inner hyperlinks. These use measurements will fluctuate based on the nominal pitch of the chain and the sum of friction the chain is enduring. Appropriate lubrication among pins and bushings, load and frequency of articulation all influence put on rates.
It is important to measure the sum of put on on the roller chain to keep away from too much equipment failures. The for a longer time the chain operates, the much more use it will dress in. Though the duration of the chain ought to be significantly less than the centre distance, the extreme load will lead to untimely wear. Consequently, lubrication is important. Furthermore, the sag of the chain need to not exceed 2% to 4% of its middle-to-centre length. Ultimately, verify for strange sounds or seen problems. A frequent result in of too much roller chain wear is the size of the load. Each chain producer sets a highest workload for its solution.
There are many ways to evaluate roller chain put on. If utilizing a higher-pace push, it ought to have at least 11 tooth, and a medium-pace drive must have at minimum twenty five teeth. Also, be sure to examine the length of the chain, even if you must. The exact same goes for the pin diameter, which should be the same or distinct pitch as the roller chain.

China Standard Steel Conveyor Hollow Pin Short Pitch Transmission Motocycles Bush Heavy Duty Cranked Link Sleeve Offset Drive Flat Top Pintle Drag Table Top Car Parking Chains     with Good quality